Current Affairs Summary With Quiz May 03 & 04 2021

Top 'Current Affair' questions with answers: August 26 to September 1, 2019  - Education Today News
Preparation with Monthly Current Affairs 2021 will be very fruitful for the banking aspirants. Many bank exams either in Prelims or Mains, consists of questions from Current Affairs. Generally, six months of current affairs are advised to prepare to crack the upcoming bank exams. Here, we are providing you with the monthly current affairs pdf. In this pdf, you will get Current Affairs Summary ebooks for quick revision. Ebooks will give you the best way to read and revise important monthly current affairs before the exam in a short period. Monthly Current Affairs PDF can help you to score better in the general awareness section of various banking exams.

Content:

  1. Olive Ridley Turtles stay away from Rushikulya river
  2. Tigray Crisis: Ethiopia adds TPLF, OLF Shene to terror list
  3. Public Building and Fire Safety Rules in India
  4. WHO lists Moderna’s mRNA vaccine for emergency use
  5. Earth Axis Shift increases
  6. The state of Siege in Congo
  7. Special 301 Report: the US puts India on Priority Watch list
  8. What is Lag B’Omer?
  9. Who was Dadasaheb Phalke?
  10. Operation Samudra Setu II
  11. What is Article 164?
  12. State Assembly Election Results
  13. Import of Oxygen concentrators for personal use permitted
  14. P8I Patrol Aircraft: the US clears sale to India
  15. SBI allocates Rs 71 crores to help India combat COVID-19 second wave
  16. World Press Freedom Day 2021
  17. Quiz
  18. Answers

Olive Ridley Turtles stay away from Rushikulya river

Olive Ridley Turtle | Species | WWF

The Olive Ridley Turtles in 2021 are staying away from the Rushikulya river. Millions of Olive Ridley turtle nest near the mouth of Rushikulya river. The nesting time of Olive Ridley turtles is between January and May. This year, they are yet to begin their nesting. In 2020, they began nesting in March.

The turtle is known for its unique mass nesting sites called the Arribadas. During Arribadas, thousands of females come together to lay eggs on the same beach.

What is the issue?

Though some of the scientists say that this delay of nesting is normal, the conservationists are worried. This is because the atmospheric temperature is to reach its peak in May and the sand becomes very hot. Mass nesting of Olive Ridley turtles might likely skip this year.

The nesting of the turtles has been skipped earlier in 2002, 2007, 2016 and 2019.

Olive Ridley Nests in India

In the Indian Ocean, the majority of these turtles nest near the Gahirmatha of Odisha. The coast of Odisha is one of the largest mass nesting sites of the turtles. The Gahirmatha beach is now part of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife sanctuary.

Other Nesting sites of Olive Ridley turtles

The other nesting sites of the turtles are the coasts of Mexico, Costa Rica, Pacific Panama.

Protection

They have been categorised as “Vulnerable” under the IUCN Red List. The CITES has included them under Appendix I. The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has included them under Schedule I.

Migration

These turtles migrate thousands of kilometres between the feeding and mating period.

Rushikulya River

It is one of the major rivers of Odisha. It originates from the Eastern Ghats and drains into the Bay of Bengal.

Tigray Crisis: Ethiopia adds TPLF, OLF Shene to terror list

Rise and fall of Ethiopia's TPLF – from rebels to rulers and back |  Ethiopia | The Guardian

The Ethiopian Government has recently added the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and OLF-Shene to its terror list. In 2020, Ethiopia launched a mass military operation against Tigray People Liberation Front.

Tigray People’s Liberation Front

It is a political party. It was founded in 1975 in Ethiopia. Also, TLPF is an armed ethnic nationalist insurgent group. This conflict between the State Government of Tigray and the Ethiopian Government is going on for thirty years now. These conflicts have a huge impact on the Horn of Africa.

What is the Tigray Crisis?

Ethiopia has had a federal system since 1994. Under this system, different ethnic groups control the ten different regions in the country. Accordingly, TPLF controls Tigray.

In 1991, the military regime was ousted from power. Following this, a four-party coalition began to govern Ethiopia. This coalition is called “The Prosperity Party”.

Abiy Ahmed Ali was appointed as Prime Minister of Ethiopia under the coalition party Government. The liberalisation of politics eventually removed several key leaders in the Tigrayan Government accusing them of corruption. Abiy also ended the long-standing territorial dispute with Eritrea. This earned him Nobel Peace Prize in 2019.

According to the Tigrayan leaders, these reforms were seen as an attempt to centralise power. According to them, this will eventually destroy the federal system in the country.

In 2020, the feud burst out in the open air as the Tigray leaders disagreed to abide by the Central Government order to postpone the regional elections due to COVID-19. They conducted the elections as per the due date instead of postponing it. Following this, the Central Government stopped its funds to the Tigrayan administration. In response, the Tigrayan Administration labelled it as a “Declaration of war”.

Public Building and Fire Safety Rules in India

Fire Safety Rules and Regulations issued by the Government of India

There have been deadly fires in the hospital buildings of India. This includes hospitals treating COVID-19 as well. The recent fires in hospital buildings of the Virar region of Mumbai, Bharuch in Gujarat and in Mumbra near Thane has brought the spotlight to the Public Building and Fire Safety rules.

Root Cause of the problems

The public building and fire safety rules are not abided during the construction of buildings. According to National Crime Records Bureau, more than 330 people died in commercial fires in 2019.

Electrical faults have been identified as the main reason behind recent fires in hospitals. The State Governments fail to implement building safety laws that make installation of modern technologies mandatory.

National Building Code of India

  • It is the main standard fire safety compliance in public buildings. It provides the technical requirements for special buildings. Part 4 of the code deals with Fire and Line Safety.
  • They recommend the location of buildings. They ensure that industrial and hazardous structures do not coexist with residential and business buildings.
  • It provides specifications for use of certified fire-resistant materials and guidelines to design buildings. The code makes it mandatory to set up an automatic fire detection system, dry riser pipelines, automatic sprinklers, fireman’s lift escape routes, etc. The dry riser pipelines are used by the firefighters to douse (pour a liquid) upper floors.

Recent measures

  • In September 2020, the Health Ministry circulated strict guidelines demanding third-party accreditation for fire safety.
  • The Supreme Court in December 2020 directed all the states to carry out fire safety audits.
  • The National Disaster Management Authority recently stipulated requirements for fire safety in hospitals and other public buildings.

WHO lists Moderna’s mRNA vaccine for emergency use

Explained: Why RNA vaccines for Covid-19 raced to the front of the pack |  MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The World Health Organisation recently listed mRNA vaccine of Moderna for Emergency Use. This makes it the fifth vaccine to receive emergency use validation from WHO.

Why is Emergency Use Approval important?

The Emergency Use Listing of vaccines of the WHO assesses the safety, quality and efficacy of vaccines. It is a prerequisite for the COVAX facility vaccine supply.

The vaccines that are provided with Emergency Use Approval are reviewed by SAGE. SAGE is a Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunisation. The Moderna vaccine was recommended by SAGE in January 2021. The USFDA (United State Food and Drug Administration) cleared the vaccine for Emergency Use in December 2020. The European Medicines Agencies granted marketing authorisation for the vaccine throughout European Union in January 2021. Japan is to approve the Emergency use of the vaccine in May 2021.

Current Scenario in India

The Government of India recently (on April 13, 2021) issued an order according to which the COVID-19 vaccines approved elsewhere in the world will be fast-tracked in India. This applies mainly to those approved by USFDA, Japan’s Medical and Devices Agency and UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency.

The first hundred recipients of the fast-tracked COVID-19 vaccines will be monitored for side effects for seven days before they are opened up for the public.

Moderna Vaccine

  • mRNA-1273 is the technical name for the Moderna vaccine.
  • The mRNA-1273 induced antibody responses against COVID-19 in Non-Human Primates. The psychological and physiological similarities between humans and non-human primates are similar.
  • Primates are animals that adapted to living in trees of tropical forests 85 million years ago.

Earth Axis Shift increases

Scientists ID three causes of Earth's spin axis drift – Climate Change:  Vital Signs of the Planet

A recent study conducted by the American Geophysical Union has found that the melting glaciers have been increasing the shift of the earth axis.

What is Earth Axis Shift?

The rotational axis of the earth is the axis around which it rotates as it revolves around the sun. The axis virtually is a line connecting the north and south poles of the earth. The location of these poles is not fixed as they tend to shift based on several factors. In the last 20 million years, the patterns of the pole have changed (or reversed) every 200,000 years to 300,000 years.

The pole shifting has resulted in the migration of the north pole towards Russia. This is also referred to as “Polar Wander”.

Movement of the Magnetic poles

The magnetic pole was in the Canadian Arctic at the end of the twentieth century. It then moved ten degrees moving towards the true north pole. In 2001, the movement began to accelerate. In 2019, it had crossed the International Date Line. This is the fastest movement of the poles in human history.

Explanation by the New Study

  • NASA says that the spin axis drifted about ten centimetres per year.
  • According to the new study, climate change has increased the glacial melting and this, in turn, has caused the earth’s poles to move in new directions.
  • The shift of the north pole towards the east is mainly because of the changes in the hydrosphere. That is, it is mainly due to how water is stored on the earth.
  • The study says that between 1995 and 2020, the average speed of drift was 17 times faster as compared to what happened between 1985 and 2020.
  • The calculation of the shift in poles was done based on the data from the GRACE mission.

The state of Siege in Congo

The President of Congo, Felix Tshisekedi declared a “State of Siege” due to the increasing violence in the eastern provinces of North Kivu and Ituri. The violence killed more than a hundred people and displaced more than 1.5 million.

What is the issue?

A Ugandan Insurgent faction called Allied Democratic Forces is active in Congo since the 1990s. These forces are being held responsible for the recent violence.

About Allied Democratic Forces

It is a rebel group operating in Congo and Uganda. It was established in 1995. It is one of the least understood extremist group in Congo. Their ideological inclination ranges from ethnonationalism, Islamic extremism, secular nationalism and secessionism.

According to the United Nations, these forces have killed more than 850 people in 2020 since the army began operations against them.

The violence has displaced 1.6 million population and more than 2.8 million people require emergency assistance.

State of Siege

It a situation where a Government puts restrictions on the movement of people into or out of the country. Under this, the police could arrest suspects without warrants or charges.

Democratic Republic of Congo resources

The country is the wealthiest in the world. The untapped resource wealth of Congo has been estimated as 24 trillion USD. It includes the world largest reserves of Coltan. Coltan is a mineral that is composed of tantalite and columbite. Coltan is refined to get Tantalum.

Rwanda is the biggest Tantalum producer. The other top producers of Tantalum are Nigeria, Brazil and China.

MONUSCO

MONUSCO is the United Nations Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo. India was the single largest contributor to the force in 2010. However, in 2011, India announced that it is withdrawing its forces.

Special 301 Report: the US puts India on Priority Watch list

The United States Trade Representative recently released the Special Report 301. According to the report, India has been put on the “Priority Watch List” along with eight other countries. Another twenty-three countries were also put on the “Watch List”.

About 301 Report

The report is released annually by the United States Trade Representative. It is published under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 and hence the name. It is being published since 1989. The report basically lists the countries that do not provide sufficient IP rights to American companies.

What does the report say about India?

According to the report, India has been inconsistent in the progress of IP protection. Though the enforcement of IP has gradually improved, India lacks in providing benefits for innovators.

The patent issues are of great concern in India. The Indian Patent Law lacks patent validity and holds narrow patentability criteria. This burdens companies in different sectors. It leads to patent revocations. Revocation is official cancellation.

Patent applicants are facing issues with time-consuming pre and post-grant procedures. They face difficulties of long waiting periods to receive patent approval.

Stakeholders of India continue to express concerns over vagueness in the interpretation of the Indian Patents Act.

Report about China

  • The US monitors China under the US-China Economic and Trade Agreement
  • According to the 301 reports, China has made several IP-related regulatory measures in 2020.
  • It has amended the Patent laws, criminal laws related to IP and also copyright laws.
  • However, the amendments remain short of the full range of fundamental changes required to improve the overall IP landscape.

What is Lag B’Omer?

Lag B’Omer is an annual Jewish festival. It is celebrated in the Hebrew month of Iyar. The festival is celebrated on the thirtieth day of the Omer. Recently, more than forty-four people died here due to a stampede (in Meron of Israel). They were gathered at the reputed tomb of Shimon Bar Yochai for Lag B’Omer.

Lag B’Omer

Omer is the forty-nine days of the time period between Passover and Shavuot. The Lag B’Omer day is special for the Jews because, in the forty-nine period of Omer, celebrations are allowed only on Lag B’Omer. The Jews schedule weddings on Lag B’Omer. The young boys who have reached the age of three are brought here (to Meron) for their first haircut.

The Lag B’Omer celebrations are associated with bonfires.

What are the two events commemorated by Lag B’Omer?

Lag B’Omer commemorates two historic events of Jewish history. They are the death of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai and also the death anniversary of 24,000 students of Akiva Ben Yosef. The students died of the plague. Akiva Ben Yosef is another Rabbi who lived in the same period as that of Shimon Bar. It was Yochai who instructed to commemorate the death anniversary of 24,000 students of Yosef during Lag B’omer.

Rabbi

Rabbi is a Jewish teacher or scholar. He mainly teaches Jewish law. They are generally referred to as Mishnaic sage.

Mishnah

Mishnah is the written collection of Jewish oral traditions. It is also called Oral Torah. Mishnah was one of the earliest works of Jewish. It was written in the third century.

Who was Dadasaheb Phalke?

The Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival Awards was recently presented.  They are also referred to as “Dadasaheb Phalke Awards”. These awards were introduced by the Government of India in 1969.

2021 Awards

  • Best Actor (Female): Deepika Padukone
  • Best Actor (Male): Akshay Kumar
  • Best International Feature Film: Parasite
  • Best Director: Anurag Basu
  • Best Film: Tanhaji

The late actor Sushant Singh Rajput won the “Critics Best Actor”. Actor Rajni Kanth is also being conferred with the award this year. He had already received Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan. He has spent more than forty-five years in the film industry.

Dadasaheb Phalke

  • Dadasaheb Phalke is the Father of Indian Cinema.
  • The first film made by Phalke was Raja Harishchandra and this movie was the first full-length feature film of India.
  • He has made twenty-seven short films and 95 feature-length films during his career.
  • In 2021, his 151st birth anniversary is being celebrated.
  • The Government of India confers the “Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival Awards” every year in his honour.

Dadasaheb Awards

It was presented for the first time in 1969. The first recipient of the award was actress Devika Rani. It carries prize money of ten lakh rupees and a Golden Lotus.

The award is often confused with other awards presented in his name such as Dadasaheb Phalke Film Foundation Awards, Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Awards. However, the Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival Awards are the only awards presented by the Indian Government to the achievers in the film industry. These awards are presented by the Directorate of Film Festivals that operates under the Information and Broadcasting Ministry. The Directorate should make sufficient rules to avoid the use of the legend’s name to prevent replications.

Operation Samudra Setu II

The Indian Navy recently launched Operation Samudra Setu II. The operation will aid in fulfilling the oxygen requirements of the country.

About the operation

  • Under the operation, warships have been deployed to carry liquid oxygen-filled cryogenic containers.
  • Two ships INS Talwar and INS Kolkata have been diverted for this operation.
  • INS Talwar will transport 40 million tonnes of oxygen from Manama to Mumbai.
  • INS Kolkata is to proceed to Doha to get medical supplies and then to Kuwait to get liquid oxygen tanks.
  • INS Airavat is to enter Singapore to embark liquid oxygen tanks.
  • INS Jalashwa will also be diverted to the mission.
  • The other ships deployed in Trikand, Kochi and Tabar will also be diverted to join the national effort.
  • The INS Shardul from the Southern Naval Command has been readied to join the operation.
  • This operation will augment the Oxygen Express mission that is already operating under Indian Railways.

These seven ships that are currently deployed in Operation Samudra Setu II are said to be combat-ready.

Operation Samudra Setu I

Operation Samudra Setu I was launched in May 2020. It was launched to repatriate Indian citizens from abroad during COVID-19. It successfully brought back 3,992 Indians home safely.

Similar Evacuation programmes were undertaken by the Indian Navy in 2006 and 2015. In 2016, Operation Sukoon was launched to bring back Indians from Beirut. In 2015, Operation Rahat was launched to bring back Indians from Yemen.

Background

India has enough supplies of oxygen. The only challenge India is currently facing is the transport of oxygen.

What is Article 164?

The West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee lost in Nandigram. She lost the seat to her former protégé-turned-BJP leader Suvendu Adhikari by a margin of 1956 votes. Protégé is a person supported by a more experienced person. However, she can still take over as the Chief Minister of the State. This is permitted under Article 164 (4).

Article 164

Article 164 lists the following:

Article 164 (1): The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor of the state.

Article 164 (2): The Council of Ministers are collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the state.

Article 164 (3): The Governor administers the oaths of the minister.

Article 164 (4): A Minister who is not a member of the Legislative Assembly shall cease to be a minister at the end of six months.

Article 75

Like that of the provisions provided for the State Legislature under Article 164, Article 75 provides the provisions for the Central Legislature.

Article 75 (1): PM and other ministers shall be appointed by the President.

Article 75 (2): Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the President.

Article 75 (3): The Ministers are collectively responsible to Lok Sabha

Article 75 (4): The President administers oaths to the ministers

Article 75 (5): A member who is not a member of both the houses for six months will cease to be a member of either of the house.

Chief Minister and Prime Minister

According to Article 164 (4) and Article 75 (5), the CM and PM shall hold their offices even if they are not members of their respective houses. By this law, Mamta is to be appointed as the Chief Minister of West Bengal even if she has lost the election. However, she has to become a member of the West Bengal State Legislature within six months.

State Assembly Election Results

On May 2, 2021, the votes of the recently held State Assembly Elections for Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal were counted. The Election Commission of India is yet to announce the results.

Election results

The following results were the outcomes of the counting:

Assam

  • The BJP managed to beat the Assembly elections despite the Citizenship Amendment Act protests.
  • Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal won from the Majuli constitution.
  • The star campaigner of BJP, Finance and Health Minister of Assam won from Jalukbari.
  • The anti-CAA activists Akhil Gogoi won from Sibsagar.
  • BJP won 60 seats, Congress won 29, AIUDF won 16, 9 by AGP and 4 by BPF. The other parties won eight seats. BPF is Bodoland Peoples Front.

The BJP led alliance in the state was called the “Mitrajot” (Alliance of friends) and the Congress-led alliance is called “Mahajot” (Grand Alliance).

The Mitrajot was formed by BJP, Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), United People’s Party Liberal (UPPL) and Gana Suraksha Party (GSP).

The Mahajot was formed by Congress, Muslim backed AIUDF (All India United Democratic Front), BTC (Bodoland Territorial Council), Bodoland People’s Front (BPF).

Tamil Nadu

  • This was the first election in the state without the major leaders J Jayalalitha and M Karunanidhi.
  • The DMK (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) and its allies are leading.
  • The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly has 234 seats.
  • The DMK has won 126, 64 by AIADMK, 18 by Congress, 4 by BJP and 5 by PMK (Patali Makkal Katchi).
  • The DMK-Congress coalition is likely to form the Government under Stalin (son of Late CM Karunanidhi).

West Bengal

  • The state has 294 seats in its Legislative Assembly.
  • Of these seats, the Trinamool Congress-led by Mamta Banerjee won 212 seats.
  • BJP has won 77 seats.

Kerala

The Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan led Left Democratic Front (LDF) is leading. It has won 99 seats. Chief Minister is likely to form the Government in the state for the second time.

  • CPI (M) has won 62 seats, Congress has won 21 seats, 17 by CPI, IUML won 15 seats.
  • BJP failed to open an account.

Import of Oxygen concentrators for personal use permitted

The Directorate General of Foreign Trade recently notified that the import of oxygen concentrators shall be allowed for personal use. The Government of India has revised the Foreign Trade Policy, 2015-2020 to permit the import.

About Oxygen Import

The new revision says that the imports of goods as “gifts’ is allowed through post or courier where customs clearance is sought except for medicines, oxygen concentrators and lifesaving drugs.

Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20

  • The Foreign Trade Policy aims to double the overseas sales to 900 billion USD by 2020.
  • It also aims to integrate foreign trade with Digital India and Make in India initiatives.
  • The MEIS and SEIS were launched. MEIS is the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme and was launched merging five schemes into a single scheme. The SEIS is Service Exports from India Scheme. E-Commerce Exports till Rs 25,000 are entitled to rewards under MEIS.
  • Transferable Duty Scrips are provided to the exporters.
  • Duty-Free Scrip: It is a paper authorisation that allows the holder to import inputs that are used to manufacture products exported. A Duty-Free Scrip of Rs 1 lakh allows the holder to import goods without paying duty up to Rs 1 lakh.
  • Two institutional mechanisms were put in place namely the Council for Trade Development and promotion and the Board of Trade.
  • The policy states that the GoI will provide incentives to the E-Commerce companies that are exporting products from sectors creating jobs.
  • It was extended till 2021.

MEIS

The five schemes that were merged to form MEIS were Market Linked Focus Product Scheme, Focus Product Scheme, Focus Market Scheme, Agriculture Infrastructure Incentive Scrip and VKGUY.

P8I Patrol Aircraft: the US clears sale to India

The United States Department recently approved the sale of P-81 Patrol aircraft to India.

About P-8I

  • It is a long-range patrol aircraft.
  • It was manufactured by Boeing for the Indian Navy.
  • It is a variant of P-8A Poseidon. The Poseidon is operated by the US Navy.
  • The P-8I is capable of conducting maritime patrol, anti-submarine warfare, reconnaissance missions and surveillance.

India-US Defence Deals

India and the US have signed five major defence deals. They are as follows:

GSOMIA

GSOMIA is General Security of Military Information Agreement. It was signed in 2002. The agreement was signed to facilitate sharing of military intelligence between India and the US.

LEMOA

LEMOA is a Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement. It was signed in 2016. According to the agreement, the countries can use each other’s military bases mainly to carry out repairs and resupplies.

COMCASA

COMCASA is Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement. Under the agreement, the countries share information during training exercise and operations.

BECA

BECA is Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement. It was signed in 2020. According to the agreement, the countries can share geospatial information.

123 Agreement

Out of all the defence agreements signed between the countries, this agreement is considered the most important. The agreement is also called the 123 Agreement. Under the agreement, India agreed to place all its civilian nuclear facilities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards.

India-US Military Exercises

Yudh Abhyas: Started in 2002

Tiger Triumph

It is the major military exercise carried out by India with the US. All three forces namely the Indian Air Force, Indian Army and Indian Navy participate in the exercise.

Vajra Prahar

It is an exercise held between the Special Forces of the US and India.

SBI allocates Rs 71 crores to help India combat COVID-19 second wave

The State Bank of India has allocated Rs 71 crores to support various initiatives that will help India battle the deadly second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The public sector bank has allocated Rs 30 crores to set up healthcare facilities such as 1000-bedded makeshift hospitals, 1000- bedded isolation facilities and 250 bed ICU facilities in some of the worst-hit states. They will be set up with the help of municipal corporations and government hospitals of the respective cities.

Key Highlights

  • The SBI is exploring partnerships to set up makeshift hospitals and has been in talks with various designated authorities. 
  • The Bank will also contribute Rs 10 crore for vaccine research and genome-sequencing equipment and lab.
  • The bank has also allocated Rs 21 crore to all its 17 local Head Offices to address the urgent medical needs of the citizens such as in getting life-saving healthcare equipment and enhancing oxygen supply in hospitals. 
  • The bank will continue to provide cooked meals, ration, PPE kits and masks. 

  • It has also decided to strengthen vaccination drives and undertake community-based testing with the support of NGOs. It has allocated Rs 10 crore for the same. Under the same effort, a helpline will be set up for COVID-19 related matters.  

  • The bank has also tied up with various hospitals to conduct vaccination of its employees. It will be bearing the cost of vaccination for its employees and their dependent family members. 

  • Sixty training centres of the bank across the country have been converted into isolation and quarantine centres for affected employees and their family members

SBI Chairman Dinesh Khara said, "We are committed to contribute funds, resources and reach out to the citizens of India and also join in the government’s efforts in fighting the virus. I urge everyone to offer their support in any form to the people in need and contribute towards making the country COVID-19 free.”

Background

The State Bank of India had pledged 0.25 per cent of its annual profit last year to fight the coronavirus outbreak in India. It had donated over Rs 108 crore to the PM CARES Fund. 

The bank has also contributed Rs 11 crore to support the government's vaccination drive.

World Press Freedom Day 2021

Each year on May 03, World Press Freedom Day is a day dedicated to celebrating the fourth pillar of democracy – the press. World Press Freedom Day commemorates the field of journalism and the struggle faced by journalists who have risked their lives to seek and bring true stories to the world.

The World Press Freedom Day to date stands as the day to remind the governments of their commitment to press freedom and as a day for media professionals to reflect upon professional ethics and issues of press freedom.

Origin

The UN General Assembly in 1993 announced that World Freedom Day will be celebrated on May 3 every year.

The UN General Assembly reached this decision after the recommendation made at the 26th UNESCO’s General Conference in 1991, and also as a result of the 1991 Declaration of Windhoek, which was a statement presented by African journalists about press freedom at a UNESCO seminar that concluded on May 03.

Purpose

As stated by UNESCO, this day is observed to:

•Pay tributes to journalists who lost their lives during their quest to cover the truth,

•Assess the status of press freedom around the world,

•Defend the media professionals and entities from attacks on their independence,

•Celebrate the freedom of the press around the world.

World Press Freedom Day 2021: Theme

The World Press Freedom Day theme for 2021 is ‘Information as a Public Good’.

The theme for World Press Freedom Day 2021 recognizes the importance of seeking information as a public good and explores ways to strengthen journalism.

The World Press Freedom Day 2021 will focus on three key topics:

•Steps focused on ensuring the economic viability of news media,

•Mechanisms for ensuring transparency of internet companies,

•Enhanced Media and Information Literacy (MIL) capacities that enable people to recognize and value, defend, and demand, journalism as an important part of information as a public good.

World Press Freedom Day 2021: Celebrations

The UNESCO and the Government of Namibia are hosting the 2021 Global Conference from April 29-May 03, 2021 in Windhoek.

The event will be a combination of in-presence participation and virtual participation. The conference will draw urgent attention to the looming danger of extinction of local news media across the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The event will also dive into ideas to understand what all can be done to increase the transparency of online media companies and improve the working conditions and safety levels of journalists.

On World Press Freedom Day, the 2021 Global Conference will:

•Celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Windhoek Declaration, and

•Host six regional forums to investigate local aspects of press freedom, and

•Host the 6th Academic Conference on the Safety of Journalists.

QUIZ

Rushikulya river is in ____

  • Assam
  • Meghalaya
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Odisha

What is the nesting time of Olive Ridley turtles?

  • January to May
  • October to December
  • February and March
  • April to July

The Olive Ridley sea turtles are known for their unique mass nesting sites called the ____

  • Arribadas
  • Rushikulya
  • Ganjam 
  • Peripota

Which wildlife sanctuary does Gahirmatha beach belong to?

  • Dibrugarh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ushakothi Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Hadagarh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Bhitarkanika Wildlife sanctuary

Which part of the National Building Code of India deals with fire and line safety?

  • Part 4
  • Part 16
  • Part 2
  • Part 1

The World Health Organisation recently listed mRNA vaccine for Emergency Use. It is manufactured by _____

  • moderna
  • Ubio Biotechnology Systems
  • Biotek Solutions Pvt Limited
  • Klonos Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd

What is the other name for Earth Axis Shift?

  • Polar Shift
  • RuPol Shift
  • Polar Wander
  • PrimaFix

Who is The President of Congo?

  • Sylvestre Ilunga
  • Félix Tshisekedi
  • Denise Nyakéru Tshisekedi
  • Martin Fayulu

Allied Democratic Forces is a rebel group of

  • Uganda
  • Congo 
  • Ecuador
  • Both 1 & 2

Lag B’Omer is an annual _____ festival

  • Christian
  • Buddhist
  • Jewish
  • Jainism

When was the Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival Awards introduced?

  • 1950
  • 1969
  • 1991
  • 2005

Who won the Best Director award in The Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival Awards?

  • Om Raut
  • Anurag Basu
  • Geeta Kapoor
  • Rohit Saraf

Which article of the Indian Constitution allows Mamata Banerjee to take over as the Chief Minister of the State?

  • Article 75
  • Article 325
  • Article 164(4)
  • Article 27

When is the World Press Freedom Day?

  • May 3
  • May 5
  • May 12 
  • May 1

Answers

Rushikulya river is in ____

  • Odisha

What is the nesting time of Olive Ridley turtles?

  • January to May

The Olive Ridley sea turtles are known for their unique mass nesting sites called the ____

  • Arribadas

Which wildlife sanctuary does Gahirmatha beach belong to?

  • Bhitarkanika Wildlife sanctuary

Which part of the National Building Code of India deals with fire and line safety?

  • Part 4

The World Health Organisation recently listed mRNA vaccine for Emergency Use. It is manufactured by _____

  • Moderna

What is the other name for Earth Axis Shift?

  • Polar Wander

Who is The President of Congo?

  • Félix Tshisekedi

Allied Democratic Forces is a rebel group of

  • Uganda
  • Congo 
  • Both 1 & 2

Lag B’Omer is an annual _____ festival

  • Jewish

When was the Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival Awards introduced?

  • 1969

Who won the Best Director award in The Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival Awards?

  • Anurag Basu

Which article of the Indian Constitution allows Mamata Banerjee to take over as the Chief Minister of the State?

  • Article 164(4)

When is the World Press Freedom Day?

  • May 3

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