Current Affairs Summary with Quiz 19 May 2021

Preparation with Monthly Current Affairs 2021 will be very fruitful for the banking aspirants. Many bank exams either in Prelims or Mains, consists of questions from Current Affairs. Generally, six months of current affairs are advised to prepare to crack the upcoming bank exams. Here, we are providing you with the monthly current affairs pdf. In this pdf, you will get Current Affairs Summary ebooks for quick revision. Ebooks will give you the best way to read and revise important monthly current affairs before the exam in a short period. Monthly Current Affairs PDF can help you to score better in the general awareness section of various banking exams.

Content:

  1. International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia: May 17
  2. India’s first Agriculture Export Facilitation Centre set up at Pune
  3. Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Treatment dropped
  4. UN Global Road Safety Week (UNGRSW) 2021
  5. Simorgh Supercomputer
  6. International Day of Light: May 16
  7. Wholesale Price Index, WPI of April 2021
  8. Jal Jeevan Mission: Rs 5,968 crores released by the Centre
  9. World AIDS Vaccine Day: May 18
  10. India’s anti-dumping probe against China, Thailand and Vietnam
  11. International Day of Living Together in Peace: May 16
  12. Rafael Nadal wins Italian Open, 2021
  13. Microsoft sign MoU for the digital transformation of Tribal Schools
  14. Quiz
  15. Answer

International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia: May 17


The International Day against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia, IDAHOTB is observed on May 17 every year. The day is marked to increase awareness about LGBT rights violations. Also, it aims to stimulate interest in LGBT rights work worldwide.

What is Transphobia, Homophobia and Biphobia?

  • Homophobia: It is dislike against gay people
  • Transphobia: It is the dislike against the transgender people
  • Biphobia: It is the dislike against the bisexual people

IDAHOTB

  • It was originally called the International Day against Homophobia.
  • It was first observed in 2005.
  • Louis-Georges Tin is the founder of International Day against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia.
  • The Declaration of Montreal was adopted in 2006. It demanded the United Nations to recognise IDAHOTB.

Why was May 17 chosen?

It was on May 17, 1990, homosexuality was removed from the International Classification of Diseases of World Health Organisation. International Classification of Diseases is a classification of health care system. It provides diagnostic codes to classify a disease. This includes symptoms, signs, abnormal findings, external causes.

Goals

The day aims to increase awareness against discrimination, violence and repression of LGBT communities worldwide.

Around the world

  • Taiwan was the first country in Asia to legally recognise same-sex marriage.
  • IDAHOTB has been recognised in very few countries such as Spain, European Union Parliament, Portugal, Belgium, Mexico, UK, Netherlands, Venezuela, Luxembourg, Croatia, Costa Rica.

Current Scenario

  • Around sixty-nine countries criminalise bisexual individuals, gay, lesbians.
  • In more than twenty-six countries, the transgender individuals are subjected to punishments. Also, they are at the risk of violence.

India’s first Agriculture Export Facilitation Centre set up at Pune


The Maharashtra Chamber of Commerce Industries and Agriculture and NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) recently launched the first Agricultural Export Facilitation Centre.

About the Centre

  • The Centre will aid in boosting the agricultural and food exports of the state of Maharashtra.
  • The centre will act as a one-stop shop to export agricultural food productions.
  • The centre is open to anyone who is involved in agricultural exports.
  • It will provide guidance in areas such as Minimum residue level, orchard management, branding and marketing, country-wise protocols, special export treatments and government export schemes.
  • Also, the centre will organise awareness programmes, workshops and training programmes.

Why is the Agricultural Export Facilitation Centre important?

In 2018, India launched Agri Export Policy. The policy aims to double the agricultural exports, that is, to increase the agricultural exports to 60 billion USD by 2022. The Agricultura Export Facilitation Centre will help India achieve this target.

Why is the centre established in Maharashtra?

  • Maharashtra is one of the leading states in Agriculture. It is one of the largest producer of onions. Today, it is emerging as it is an important horticultural state in the country.
  • The soil and agro climatic conditions are diverse in the state. This allows the state to produce variety of crops such as rice, wheat, tur, gram, bajra, jowar; fruits such as banana, mango, grapes, orange, cashew nut.
  • The state is the leading producer in pulses.
  • It is the second largest coarse cereals producer.
  • It is also the second largest producer of soya bean, sugarcane and cotton.
  • It is the third largest produce of sunflower.

Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Treatment dropped


The Indian Council of Medical Research recently dropped the plasma therapy from COVID-19 treatment. The decision was taken as the procedure was found to be ineffective.

Plasma Therapy

  • In the therapy, the blood component called plasma from a COVID-19 recovered patient is injected into the COVID-19 infected patient. Plasma is a rich source of antibodies. Antibodies are proteins that fight against the invading virus.
  • It involves normal blood collection practices. Later plasma is extracted from the blood using blood fractionation process. Also, a machine called Aphaeresis is used to extract plasma from the donor.
  • Earlier it was used during H1N1 Influenza outbreak and Ebola outbreaks.

PLACID Trials

In September 2020, the ICMR conducted PLACID trials. According to the trials, the therapy neither reduced the number of deaths nor prevent its progression.

Other countries

China and Netherlands have also reported that Plasma Therapy is not effective for COVID-19 treatment.

Why is Plasma Therapy ineffective?

The artificial supply of antibodies makes the infection worse. This is because of a phenomenon called Antibody-Dependent Enhancement. In plasma therapy, the antibodies that are supplied artificially binds to the virus. These antibodies might then be taken up by the cell. In this way, the virus enters the human cells in spite of the fact that the patient is treated for COVID-19.

On the other hand, during vaccination the immune system produces its own antibodies. Thus, vaccination provides lifelong immunity.

Also, another major drawback is that these artificially injected antibodies stay only for three to four days in the patient’s body.

UN Global Road Safety Week (UNGRSW) 2021

In 2021, the United Nations is celebrating its sixth United Nations Global Road Safety Week between 17th May, 2021 and 23rd May, 2021. This year, in 2021, the Global Road Safety Week is celebrated under the following theme:

Theme: Streets for Life

The tagline of the theme if #Love30.

About the Week

  • It is a biennial global road safety campaign hosted by the World Health Organisation.
  • The first Global Road Safety Week was celebrated in 2007.
  • The week is celebrated to create awareness of road safety and reduce road deaths.

Global Plan on Road Safety launched

As a part of 2021 Global Road Safety Week, the Decade Plan of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030 was launched by the United Nations. It is a global plan on road safety. The plan is in line with the Stockholm Declaration. The plan calls for improving laws, designing rods and vehicles and law enforcement on behavioural risks such as alcohol, speeding and driving.

Global Goals

The 2021 Global Road safety celebrations say that in order to make cities safe and healthy, a speed limit of 30 kilometre per hour should be facilitated. This will help attain a number of Sustainable Development Goals.

How? For instance, the minority communities and the disadvantaged people are more exposed to the high-speed traffic and accidents.

Road Safety in India

India ranks first in terms of number of road accidents. It accounts to only 1% of vehicles in the world. However, 11% of road accidents happens in India. The major reasons for high number of accidents in the country are road environment, human error, post accidental care-related issues and vehicular conditions.

Simorgh Supercomputer


Iran recently launched its supercomputer called Simorgh. This supercomputer is hundred times more powerful than the previous Iranian supercomputers.

About the Simorgh Supercomputer

  • The Supercomputer has been named after the phoenix like bird called the Simurgh.
  • The Simorgh Supercomputer was developed by the Amirkabir University of Technology in Tehran, the capital of Iran.

It is located at the Iranian High Performance Computing Research Centre.

Capacity

  • The performance capacity of the simorgh Supercomputer is 0.56 petaflops. It is to reach 1 petaflops in two months. In its subsequent levels it is to reach to speed of 10 petaflops.
  • It comprises of 42 racks in an area of 250 square metres. In future this is to be upgraded to 400 square metres.
  • The total budget of the supercomputer is expected to be 9 million USD.

Applications

  • The Supercomputer is to be used for image processing, artificial intelligence work load, traffic and weather data.
  • It will also be used for cloud hosting local private firms.

What is the spotlight?

The US had imposed sanctions on Iran and the doors of business is completely closed to the country. The US had imposed anti terrorism trade sanctions and has been trying to slow down its nuclear programme for decades. Thus, Iran should have got the US chips used in supercomputers illegally.

Iran never discloses its hardware specifications.

In 2001, the Amirkabir university developed a 32-node PC based on Intel Pentium processors. Again in 2007, the country had its hands on 216 AMD cores which in turn led to the most powerful supercomputer of all time.

Iran is using bitcoin mining facilities to buy required raw materials from US and other countries. Most of these are illegal under the sanctions imposed against the country.

International Day of Light: May 16

Every year, the International Day of Light is celebrated on May 16 by UNESCO and several other international organisations. The day celebrates the role of light in science, art, culture, education and sustainable development. This year, in 2021, the International Day of Light is celebrated under the following theme:

Theme: Trust Science

Why is International Day of Light celebrated on May 16?

Because the first successful operation of LASER was conducted on May 16, 1960 by physicist Theodore Maiman.

Goals of International Day of Light

  • To improve public understanding in the importance of light-based technologies in day-to-day life
  • To build activities that targets science for young people
  • To highlight the link between light, art and culture
  • To promote the importance of lighting technologies

Light Technologies

  • The radio waves and gamma rays provides insights into origin of universe. Also, the researches such as nano photonics and quantum optics inspire new fundamental discoveries.
  • The photonics enabled industries are the major drivers of the economy.
  • The photonics play a major role from providing improved vision to power of smart phones.

Impact on Economy

The photonic technologies have major impacts on world economy. This includes 600 billion Euros of market. The growth in photonics doubled between 2005 and 2011.

Light Pollution

On one hand, the light technologies are growing at faster rate. On the other hand, they are of great disturbances especially to birds. Thus, the light technologies should be used very carefully making sustainable development. The light pollution has increased mainly due to urbanization.

The common light pollution are light trespass, over illumination, glare, light clutter. Light Clutter is excessive grouping of lights. Light trespass is unwanted light entering one’s property.

Wholesale Price Index, WPI of April 2021

The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade recently released Wholesale Price in India for the month of April 2021. The WPI for the month of April 2021 stood at 128.1. The base year in calculating WPI is fixed as 2011-12.

WPI of April 2021

  • The annual rate of inflation for the month of April 2021 was 10.49%
  • The inflation rate is high in the month mainly because of price rise in crude petroleum which in turn increased the prices of petrol and diesel in the country. Also, the price rise is due to increase in cost of manufactured foods.

Groups of commodities

There are three major groups of commodities that are used in calculating the rate of inflation. They are primary articles, manufactured products and fuel and power.

Primary Articles

The weight of primary articles in WPI is 22.62%.

  • The index of this group increased by 3.83%.
  • The prices of minerals increased by 6.6%
  • The prices of Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas increased by 4.8%
  • The prices of food articles increased by 3.84%
  • The price of non-food articles increased by 2.65%
  • The above increases are in comparison with the month of March.

Fuel and Power

  • The weight of fuel and power is 13.15%
  • The index of this group decreased by 1%
  • The prices of coals decreased by 0.32%
  • The prices of Mineral oil decreased by 0.29%
  • The prices of electricity decreased by 4.96%

Manufactured products

  • The weight of manufactured goods is 64.23%
  • The index of this group increased by 1.65%.
  • The increase in this category was mainly contributed by food products, basic metals, chemicals, textiles, plastic and rubber products.

WPI Food Index

The WPI Food index consists of food products from manufactured products group and food articles from primary articles group. The WPI Food Index increased from 153.4 in March 2021 to 158.9 in April 2021. The increase rate in April is 7.58% and that of March is 5.28%

Jal Jeevan Mission: Rs 5,968 crores released by the Centre


On May 17, 2021, the Union Government released Rs 5,968 crores of rupees to implement the Jal Jeevan Mission. The funds were released to fifteen states. This is the first instalment of the four to be released in 2021-22.

Fund Allocation

  • Out of the total funds allocated under the Jal Jeevan Mission, 93% are to be utilized for developing water supply infrastructure, 2% in water quality monitoring and surveillance activities and 5% on support activities.
  • The central funds were released based on the output of the scheme in the states. For this, the states were assessed in terms of tap water connections.
  • In 2021, the GoI allocated Rs 50,011 crores to Jal Jeevan Mission in its budget.
  • The Fifteenth Finance Commission had recommended Rs 26,940 crores for water and sanitation services.
  • Thus, in all Rs 1 lakh crore will be invested in providing tap water supply to rural homes in 2021-22.

How will the funds help current condition?

  • The funds allocated will help increase employment generation.
  • It will also increase grey water treatment.
  • It will improve drinking water infrastructure
  • It will increase the demand for pipes, taps, faucets and motors. Thereby it will give a push to the manufacturing sector.
  • It will help to maintain the in-village water supply.

Current Scenario

  • So far 4.17 crores of households have been provided with tap water supply in the country under the scheme.
  • Around 7.41 crores of rural households are getting potable water.
  • The states and union teritores such as Telangana, Goa, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands have become “Har Ghar Jal” state.
  • World AIDS Vaccine Day: May 18

    Every year, the World AIDS Vaccine Day is celebrated on May 18. The day is also called the HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Vaccine Awareness Day. This year, in 2021,  the World AIDS Vaccine Day is celebrated under the following theme:

    Theme: Global Solidarity

    About World AIDS Vaccine Day

    The day is commemorated to honour thousands of volunteers, health professional, community leaders and scientists who workers together to develop AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) vaccine.

    Why is AIDS Vaccine Day celebrated on May 18?

    The concept of AIDS Vaccine was rooted by the then US President Bill Clinton in his speech at the Morgan State University on May 18, 1997.

    HIV Vaccine

    Currently there are no licensed HIV vaccine in the market. However, medical treatments exist. Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) is recommended to control HIV infection. However, HAART must be taken life long. HIV virus mainly attacks the immune system of human body.

    World AIDS Day

    The World AIDS Day is celebrated on December 1 every year.

    Organisations involved in AIDS Vaccine

    • HIV Vaccine Trials Network: A Non-Profit Organisation that connects physicians and scientists to conduct clinical trials of HIV Vaccine
    • International AIDS Vaccine Initiative: Non-Profit Organisation. Works to accelerate development of HIV vaccine.
    • South African AIDS Vaccine Initiative: Established by the South African Government

    HIV in India

    The total number of HIV patients in India as of 2017 is 21.4 lakhs. However, the number of HIV cases have been declining in India. Between 1995 and 2017, the number of HIV cases in India declined by 85%.

    India’s anti-dumping probe against China, Thailand and Vietnam


    The Ministry of Commerce has recently initiated the anti-dumping investigation against China, Vietnam and Thailand. The investigation is against the import of solar cells from these countries. The investigation has been started by the Ministry following the application submitted by the Indian Solar Manufacturer Association.

    What is the issue?

    The solar cells are the basic ingredients in the manufacturing of solar modules. The solar cells that are being imported from China are 15% to 20% less expensive as compared to that of the solar cells produced in India. This is affecting the business of solar modules produced using locally available raw materials. Ultimately it is increasing the price of domestic solar modules.

    Earlier Actions of GoI

    The Government of India in 2018 had imposed 25% of safeguard duty on solar imports from Malaysia and China. This was later extended to July 2021 at a rate of 15%. After the imposition of this safeguard duty, the imports from Thailand and Vietnam have increased. Between 2018 and 2020, the import of solar cells from Thailand and Vietnam grew at 5,750% and 800% respectively!

    Also, an anti-dumping investigation against the import of solar cells from Malaysia, Taiwan and China was initiated by the Government in 2017. However, it was eventually called off on 2018.

    The GoI has introduced Rs 4,500 Production Linked Incentive Scheme for solar module manufacturing.

    What is worrying ISMA?

    The solar cell and solar module imports will attract a customs duty of 25% and 40% respectively from 2023. With the safeguard duty against Chinese imports of solar cells ending in July 2021, there will be no import barriers.

    Current Scenario

    As of today, the module making capacity if 10 GW and domestic cell manufacturing capacity is around 3 GW.

    International Day of Living Together in Peace: May 16

    Every year, the International Day of Living Together in Peace is celebrated by United Nations and several other organisations in different parts of the world.

    About International Day of Living Together in Peace

    • The day is celebrated to achieve international cooperation, promoting respect for human rights and freedom for all irrespective of their race, sex, religion and language.
    • The United Nations proclaimed the decade 2001 to 2010 as the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for children of the world.

    History

    • The International Day of Living Together in Peace was established to protect the succeeding generations from war.
    • In 1997, the United Nations passed a resolution to celebrate the year 2000 as the International Year for Culture of Peace.
    • In 1999, the United Nations adopted a resolution called the “Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace”. It serves as the universal mandate to promote culture of peace and non-violence.

    International Day of Peace

    The International Day of Peace is different from the International Day of Living Together in Peace. The International Day of peace is also  celebrated by the United Nation. It is clebrated on September 16.

    United Nations Peacekeeping Force

    It was established in 1945. There are 90,905 active uniformed personnel working under the UN Peacekeeping force. It focuses on peacemaking, peace building, and peace enforcement. They are also referred to as Blue Berets or Blue helmets for their blue-coloured helmets and berets. Beret is a soft round cap.

    UN Peacekeeping Funds

    It is compulsory for the members of the United Nations to pay their respective share towards United Nations peace keeping. The United Nations approved budget of 6.58 billion USD for peacekeeping operations.

    Rafael Nadal wins Italian Open, 2021


    Italian Open, 2021 was won by Rafael Nadal. This is his tenth title of the Rome Masters. The Italian Open, 2021 was held on May 16, 2021 in Rome. The Finals was held between Rafael Nadal and Novak Djokovic. It is also known as Rome Masters.

    Rafael Nadal

    • Rafael Nadal is a Spanish Tennis player. He is ranked third in the world by the Association of Tennis Professionals.
    • He has won twenty Grand Slams, thirteen French Open titles so far. His record of winning has been maximum in clay courts.

    Novak Djokovic

    • Novak Djokovic is a Serbian tennis player. He is currently ranked number one by the Association of Tennis Professionals. He has won eighteen Grand Slams.
    • He is the only player to win all the “Big Titles” on the ATP tour. The Big Title is a trophy at the Nitto ATP Finals, Grand Slam Championship, ATP Masters 1000 tournament or Olympics Singles gold medals.

    About Italian Open

    • It is originally called the Italian International Championship. It is a tennis tournament held in Rome, Italy.
    • It is a clay tennis tournament. There are four different types of tennis court surfaces. They are clay courts, carpet courts, hard courts and grass courts.
    • It is an ATP Tours Masters 100 event.

    ATP Tours Masters 1000

    It is a series of nine tennis tournaments featuring top ranked players. Meaning not every tennis player can participate in the tournament.

    Currently the following are the nine tournaments of ATP Tours Masters 1000:

    • Paris Masters
    • Shanghai Masters
    • Cincinnati Masters
    • Madrid Open
    • Monte-Carlo Masters
    • Miami Open
    • Indian Wells Masters
    • Italian Open
    • Canadian Open

    These are different from Grand Slam.

    Grand Slam

    The Itinerary of Grand Slam consists of French Open, Australian Open, Wimbledon and US Open.

    Tribal Affairs Ministry, Microsoft sign MoU for digital transformation of Tribal Schools

    The Tribal Affairs Ministry on May 17, 2021 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Microsoft to support the digital transformation of Tribal schools such as Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) and Ashram Schools.

    The MoU was signed at an online event ‘Empowering Youth For Success’. Under the initiative, Microsoft will make the Artificial Intelligence curriculum available to tribal students in both English and Hindi language at all EMRS schools under the Ministry to skill educators and students in next-generation technologies.

    Significance

    •This program is expected to prove beneficial in terms of readiness, preparedness of the students of the schools at various international forums.

    •The students will get the required skill set through these digital programmes, which is expected to open a new chapter with AI and coding being a part of the curriculum.

    •The programme is expected to help bridge the gap between the tribal students and others. It will also offer the tribal students a unique opportunity to get global standard education.
     
    •The initiative will also help the tribal students in maintaining continuity in their education in this lockdown period. Along with students, 5000 teachers nominated by the ministry across these schools would also be provided with professional training.

    Key Highlights

    •Under the first phase of the programme, Microsoft has adopted 250 EMRS schools out of which 50 EMRS schools will be given intensive training and 500 master trainers would be trained.

    •Teachers across India will also be trained in a phased manner for using productivity technologies like Office 365 and AI applications in teaching.

    •It will help them deliver blended or remote learning experiences to students in a more personalized and productive manner. 

    •These teacher trainings will introduce them to the world of virtual collaboration and teach them how to augment teaching process.

    •The program will also give teachers opportunities to earn professional e-badges and e-certificates from the Microsoft Education Centre.

    •Under the partnership, the students from the tribal schools under the Tribal Affairs Ministry will be mentored on projects that involve AI applications for societal good and to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

    •The students will also be exposed to gamified environments on Minecraft to help build design thinking skills

    Speaking about the partnership, Navtez Bal, Executive Director, Public Sector, Microsoft India, said that their partnership with the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is a step to enable education equity, providing equal opportunity and access for the next generation of learners and educators from schools under the Ministry. He added saying that they are deeply committed to the digital transformation of education in India. 

    Quiz

    Who won the Italian Open, 2021?

    • Roger Federer
    • Rafael Nadal
    • Daniil Medvedev
    • Novak Djokovic
    • Aslan Karatsev

    Which among the following company has signed MOU with the Tribal Affairs Ministry for the digital transformation of Tribal Schools?

    • Google
    • Amazon
    • Flipkart
    • Microsoft
    • Adobe

    When were the United Nations Peacekeeping Force established?

    • 1945
    • 1960
    • 2000
    • 1918
    • 1997

     When is the International Day of peace celebrated?

    • September 16
    • May 16
    • January 26
    • June 20
    • December 14

    Which among the following countries is being investigated by India for anti-dumping?

    • China
    • Vietnam
    • Thailand
    • All of the above

    When is World AIDS Day celebrated?

    • May 18
    • December 1
    • September 16
    • May 16
    • November 20

    What is the theme of World AIDS Vaccine Day?

    • To promote the continued urgent need for a vaccine
    • HIV Vaccine Awareness Day
    • Global Solidarity
    • To find a safe and effective AIDS vaccine
    • None of the above

    When is the International Day of Light celebrated?

    • May 16
    • May 17
    • May 18
    • May 19
    • May 20

    What is the name of Iran's most powerful supercomputer?

    • Sunway TaihuLight
    • Fujitsu ABCI
    • CDC 6600
    • Fugaku
    • Simorgh

     Which is India’s first Agriculture Export Facilitation Centre set up?

    • Chennai
    • New Delhi
    • Pune
    • Hyderabad
    • Jaipur

    Answer

    Who won the Italian Open, 2021?

    • Rafael Nadal

    Which among the following company has signed MOU with the Tribal Affairs Ministry for the digital transformation of Tribal Schools?

    • Microsoft

    When were the United Nations Peacekeeping Force established?

    • 1945

     When is the International Day of peace celebrated?

    • September 16

    Which among the following countries is being investigated by India for anti-dumping?

    • China
    • Vietnam
    • Thailand
    • All of the above

    When is World AIDS Day celebrated?

    • December 1

    What is the theme of World AIDS Vaccine Day?

    • Global Solidarity

    When is the International Day of Light celebrated?

    • May 16

    What is the name of Iran's most powerful supercomputer?

    • Simorgh

     Which is India’s first Agriculture Export Facilitation Centre set up?

    • Pune

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