Current Affairs Summary with Quiz 11 May 2021

Preparation with Monthly Current Affairs 2021 will be very fruitful for the banking aspirants. Many bank exams either in Prelims or Mains, consists of questions from Current Affairs. Generally, six months of current affairs are advised to prepare to crack the upcoming bank exams. Here, we are providing you with the monthly current affairs pdf. In this pdf, you will get Current Affairs Summary ebooks for quick revision. Ebooks will give you the best way to read and revise important monthly current affairs before the exam in a short period. Monthly Current Affairs PDF can help you to score better in the general awareness section of various banking exams.

Content

  1. Govt. to confirm nationality of illegal Indian immigrants in U.K.
  2. IUCN Report: Conflict and Conservation
  3. How will GST Exemption lead to Price rise?
  4. Space Debris Guidelines of United Nations
  5. Laureus World Sports Awards, 2021
  6. Ayush 64 to be distributed freely
  7. Area of summer crops expands by 21.58% from last year
  8. Sinopharm Vaccine approved by WHO
  9. China discussed weaponizing COVID
  10. Co-WIN introduces 4-digit security code
  11. National Technology Day: May 11
  12. What is Asperger’s Syndrome?
  13. Quiz
  14. Answer

Govt. to confirm nationality of illegal Indian immigrants in U.K.


Children born to Indians staying illegally in the United Kingdom will be granted emergency travel documents to return along with parents based on birth certificates issued by the British authorities, according to a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the two countries on May 4.

British citizenship is not acquired by birth alone, there are a combination of factors, including the year of birth and parents’ circumstances.

Before illegal immigrants identified by the U.K authorities are allowed to return, government officials here will conduct a probe to establish if the person is indeed an Indian citizen or not. The State police will be roped in once a request is received by the Centre.

“The U.K. will share its expertise to train specialists in the fight against document fraud and to provide its expertise in the field of detection equipment,” the MoU on migration and mobility partnership between India and the U.K. said.

Revised pact

The MoU, which has been in the works for the past three years, has been revised after India declined a proposal by the U.K. to use DNA sampling to establish the nationality of document-less illegal immigrants who the U.K suspects to be Indians.

According to a earlier estimate by the U.K government, there are around 1,00,000 Indians who entered illegally or are overstaying their visa in the U.K.. India has contested the numbers saying the figure is not more than 2,000.

As per the fresh MoU, the time frame to verify the nationality of a person who holds an Indian passport and who has overstayed the visa will be not later than 30 days on the receipt of request from the U.K authorities.

Instances where a person has acknowledged that he is an Indian but does not have a passport or a ‘Visa Overstayer’ document, the time limit to establish the nationality will be 90 days. But here, the U.K authorities will have to provide either a national identity card, a driving licence or a birth certificate among others to the Indian authorities to authenticate her/his Indian nationality.

“Where a person declines to cooperate with the nationality verification process by either refusing to give a signature or by providing the requisite details for the Emergency Travel Document Application Form” and does not cooperate or provides additional information to enable nationality verification, the antecedent check will be done “case to case” basis within a reasonable time frame.

The U.K will also have to follow the same procedures if a British national is found staying illegally in India.

The MoU, which came into effect after it was signed by External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar and U.K Secretary of State Priti Patel on May 4 in London, will continue for seven years until terminated by either participant giving three months’ prior written notice. It will be revived automatically after seven years.

India and the U.K will create a Joint Working Group that will meet at least once a year, or as necessary at the request of either participant, alternately in each of the participants’ countries or virtually with mutual consent.

“The fight against organised illegal migration is based on the acquisition, centralisation and analysis of intelligence in order to identify criminal organisations, on the physical and technical surveillance of networks and on the gathering of evidence. Increased engagement and information sharing between operational partners, including exchange of police officers and attachment courses in specialist units will be planned, to enable the exchange of experience and expertise in the areas of border security and illegal migration,” it said.

IUCN Report: Conflict and Conservation

The International Union for Conservation of Nature recently released a report called the “Nature in a Globalised World: Conflict and Conservation”. The report focuses on complex relationships between nature and armed conflict. The main objective of the report was to bring nature conservation into the mainstream of economic and political decision making.

The report has analysed how armed conflicts in the past thirty years are related to productivity and availability of arable land, percentage of rural population in the country, prevalence of drought.

Key Findings of the report

  • The major threats posed by conflicts in the world are disruption of conservation efforts, direct killing of wildlife, degradation of ecosystems.
  • The armed conflicts are prevalent in major biodiverse regions in the world. For instance, India-Pakistan and India-China border conflicts are being fought in the Himalayan Biodiversity hotspots.
  • Military Exercises and Civil unrest pose a risk to two hundred threatened species. This includes the iconic species such as the Critically Endangered Eastern Gorilla.
  • Countries are more prone to wars if less land is available for agriculture or if the agricultural productivity of the land was low. The wars were also frequent when increased number of droughts occur.

Recommendations

The following recommendations were made the report:

  • The Natural resource governance should be strengthened through improved transparency and accountability, inclusive decision making, and by recognising the rights of indigenous people and women.
  • The conservationists, protected area staff and environmental defenders should be provided with explicit protections against those committing environmental crimes.

How will GST Exemption lead to Price rise?

The West Bengal Chief Minister recently requested the Prime Minister Narendra Modi to exempt COVID medicines and oxygen tanks from taxes. Several other states such as Odisha were also asking for tax exemption on key medicines.

The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman recently said that full exemption of Goods and Services Tax (GST) on Vaccines will lead to increase in their prices. She replied back to the Bengal CM letter in Twitter.

Current Scenario

The GST rates for COVID-19 vaccines, drugs, oxygen concentrators are between 5% and 12%. It is applicable to the domestic supplies.

How will GST Exemption lead to price rise?

If full exemption of GST is given to the vaccines, then the manufacturers will not be able to offset (balance the effect) their input taxes. They will in turn pass them to the end consumers.

In Simple Terms: Let us assume that a vaccine is made of five components or raw materials. Now, these raw materials are subjected to GST. The manufacturer pays taxes in buying these raw materials. Now, if GST is exempted on the sale of vaccines, then the manufacturer will increase the price to maintain his profits. This price rise will be added to the price paid by the end consumer.

Government measures

The Finance Minister also highlighted the current COVID-19 vaccine benefits being offered. They were as follows:

  • COVID-19 vaccines are provided free of cost to the people who are 45 years of age and also to all frontline workers. Here the GST is paid by the Central Government.
  • Full exemption from basic customs duty and health cess has been provided to these items, that is, to oxygen containers, concentrators, vaccines, etc.
  • The Minister also explained that the if Rs 100 is collected as IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax), then Rs 70.50 is the share of the state. How? Of the Rs 100 IGST, Rs 50 accrues to the Centre and State each as CGST And SGT. Of the 50% of the Centre’s share, 41% is devolved to the states. Thus Rs 70.50 is in the hands of the states.

Space Debris Guidelines of United Nations

The Chinese rocket Long March 5B recently fell into the Indian Ocean near Maldives. The track of the falling rocket couldn’t be predicted for days. However, the European Space Agency announced that the rocket might fall anywhere between 41.5 degree north and 41.5 degrees south latitude. This put several highly populated cities at risk.

The Chinese Aircraft was the size of a ten-storey building. It was the core module for its space station.

What is NASA saying?

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of US recently lambasted (attacked) China the space craft did not abide the International standards on Space Debris and also on safety.

United Nations on Space Debris

In 2007, the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Use of Outer Space endorsed a resolution on “Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines”

Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines

  • To limit debris released during the orbital or spacecraft stages
  • To minimise the breakups during operational phases
  • To reduce the probability of accidental collisions in the orbit
  • To prevent international distraction and other harmful activities
  • To minimise the potential for post mission breakups caused due to stored energy
  • To reduce long term presence of launch vehicles, orbital stages and space crafts in the low earth orbit

What is the issue? Why is NASA criticising Chinese Actions?

The rockets carry their payload into the space. After the payload is dropped in its orbit, the booster stages of the rocket that reach the orbit fire the engine to drop the rockets back to the earth. This will prevent the rocket from remaining in the orbit and thereby reduce space debris. And also prevent them from causing potential threats to hit other rockets.

However, China chose not to do this for its Long March rocket. This led to the crashing of its rocket. Thus, NASA is criticising Chinese actions for not abiding by the international safety standards.

Also, space stations make sure such parts fall in the middle of the ocean or in uninhabited areas.

Laureus World Sports Awards, 2021


The Laureus World Sports Awards, 2021 was held in Seville. The awards are presented to honour individuals and teams who have achieved in sports throughout the year. It was established in 1999 by the Laureus Sport for Good Foundation. It is supported by Mitsubishi, Mercedes Benz. The first Laureus World Sports Awards was presented in 2000.

About the awards

  • As of 2020, the awards are presented in eight categories. Roger Federer, a Swiss Tennis player holds the record for the most of the awards. He has won six “Sportsman of the Year” award and one comeback of the year award.
  • The winners are presented with a statue of Laureus. It is created by the Cartier. The Cartier is the French Luxury Goods manufacturer. It manufactures watches, jewelry. It was founded in 1847.
  • Laureus means “Laurel”. Laurel is a greek word.
  • In 2020, Sachin Tendulkar won Laureus World Sports Award for Laureus Sporting Moment 2000-2020.

Laureus World Sports Awards 2021

In 2021, the following Laureus World Sports Awards were presented:

  • Naomi Osaka (tennis, Japan) won the Sportswoman of the Year
  • Rafael Nadal (tennis, Spain) won the Sportsman of the Year
  • Billie Jean King (tennis, USA) won the Lifetime Achievement
  • FC Bayern (football, Germany) won the Team of the Year
  • Patrick Mahomes (American Football, USA) won the Breakthrough of the Year
  • Max Parrot (Snowboarding, Canada) won the World Comeback of the Year
  • Kickformore by Kickfair (football, German) won the Sport for Good
  • Mo Salah (football, Liverpool & Egypt) won the Sporting Inspiration Award
  • Lewis Hamilton (Formula One, Mercedes & UK) won the Athlete Advocate of the Year

This year the Laureus World sports Award for Action Sports person of the year was not awarded.

Ayush 64 to be distributed freely

The Ministry of AYUSH recently announced that Ayush-64 will be available free of cost for mild, moderate asymptomatic patients in Delhi. The representatives or patients can visit these centres with Aadhar card and a soft or hard copy of RT-PCR positive report to get the free AYUSH-64 tablets.

Where is Ayush 64 available in Delhi?

The AYUSH 64 tablets will be available in seven centres in Delhi. They are:

  • All India Institute of Ayurveda
  • Moraji Desai National Institute of Yoga
  • Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine
  • Unani Medical Centre at Safdarjung hospital
  • Unani Specialty Clinic
  • Central Ayurveda Research Institute in Punjabi Bagh
  • Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy

About Ayush 64

  • It is a poly herbal formulation. Ayush 64 was recommended by National Clinical Management Protocol based on Ayurveda and Yoga. It was repurposed as an add on to standard care for COVID-19 patients.
  • Ayush 64 was developed by the Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS).
  • It was first used in management of Malaria.
  • It was originally developed in 1980.
  • A study has proved that around thirty five of the thirty-six Phyto constituents of Ayush 64 have high binding affinity against the COVID-19 virus.

How to take Ayush-64?

The patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 cases showing body ache, fever, nasal congestion, headache, nasal discharge, cough can start taking Ayush 64 within seven days of COVID-19 diagnosis.

Also, it can be taken as a standalone treatment in mild cases under the supervision of an Ayurvedic physician.

Area of summer crops expands by 21.58% from last year

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare recently announced that the area of summer crops has sharply increased by 21.58% as compared to 2020. The increase has almost doubled. Summer crops are also called Zaid crops. They are grown between March and June.

Expansion of area of Summer Crops

  • The area under summer crops has increased to 12.75 hectares in 2021. It was 6.45 hectares in 2020.
  • The increase has been mainly reported in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Karnataka, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Gujarat.
  • The Government of India has been promoting the summer crops mainly to increase the pulse production in the country.

Which crops have increased?

The area under rice cultivation has increased by 15.59%. In 2020, it was 33.82 hectares. Now it has increased in 39.10 hectares. The area under pulses has increased by 97.58%. It was 6.45 hectares in 2020 and has now increased to 12.74 hectares in 2021.

Oil seeds has increased by 15.66%. Area under coarse grains have increased by 0.93%.

Water Storage

The Ministry also announced that the water storage in more than 130 key reservoirs has increased by 20% as compared to that of the average storage in the last ten years. Due to this more areas have come under cultivation in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Karnataka. This is one of the main reasons for the increase in areas under summer cultivation.

Oil Seeds

GoI is also focusing to increase the production of oil seeds in the country apart from pulses. Currently, India imports 75% of edible oil to meet its domestic requirements. The import bill has crossed Rs 70,000 crores.

Sinopharm Vaccine approved by WHO


The World Health Organisation recently approved the Emergency Use of Sinpharm vaccine. Recently, the WHO approved COVID-19 vaccines developed by AstraZeneca, Pfizer, BioNTech, Johnson and Johnson as well. The other popular Chinese Vaccine is sinovac.

Sinopharm Vaccine

Sinopharm vaccine was developed by China. This is the first time the WHO has given approval to a Chinese vaccine. It is also a sign that Sinopharm vaccine might be allowed to be included in COVAX programme.

According to WHO, the efficacy of Sinopharm vaccine is 79%.

Working of Sinopharm

The Sinopharm Vaccine is an inactivated vaccine just like the COVAXIN. The inactivated vaccines are creating by killing the disease carrying virus (COVID-19) using heat, radiation or chemicals. These vaccines take longer time to make. Also, they require two to three doses.

The other vaccines that use this approach is the polio vaccine and flu.

Out of several vaccines in the world, only Sinovac, Sinopharm and COVAXIN use inactivated virus. Other vaccines such as Moderna, AstraZeneca (COVISHILED), sputnik, Pfizer, Johnson and Johnson use a viral vector.

Current Scenario

Though the Chinese vaccine is just receiving WHO approval, it is already being administered in several countries. Also, the other Chinese vaccine called the Sinovac is yet to get WHO approval. Countries such as Pakistan and Egypt are planning to administer Sinovac. One million Sinovac vaccines were recently transported to Pakistan. Egypt has agreed to produce 60 million Sinovac doses in June 2021.

Countries like Brazil, Bahrain had raised concerns over the efficacy of the Chinese vaccines.

China discussed weaponizing COVID

A Chinese document written in 2015 states that SARS virus shall be used as a “New Era of Genetic Weapons”. The virus can be artificially manipulated into a human virus disease, then weaponized and unleashed (released from restraint). This was first brought out in Australia.

The title of the Chinese document was “The Unnatural Origin of SARS and New species of Man-Made Virus as Bioweapons”.

What does the paper say?

The paper reveals that the Chinese Military scientists were discussing weaponization of SARS virus five years before COVID-19 pandemic. The paper also says that the world war three shall be fought with biological weapons.

Authenticity of the documents

The document was authored by PLA researchers and scientists. The genesis of the document was located in the Chinese internet. The document has also been revealed in an upcoming book called “What really happened in Wuhan”.

International response

Countries such as Brazil, US, Australia have made strong statements against actions after the release of the report. The countries are furious that Chinese actions on COVID was merely based on economic benefits.

Origin of the Virus

China is being questioned over the handling of COVID-19 since it originated in Wuhan in 2019. Some believe that it originated in a market where wild animals are traded. Others believe that the virus leaked in a lab in Wuhan.

Lack of Transparency

China was not ready to allow the World Health Organisation to conduct investigations about the origin of COVID-19 virus. Only after international pressure did China allow WHO to make investigations to find out the origin.

Even after the outbreak of the disease in Wuhan in 2019, China was silent. It did not inform the WHO about disease. China also was not able to contain the disease.

China was also silent about the recent failure of Tianhe core module and its rocket Long March 5B falling in to the Indian Ocean. Though the mission failed, the details of the returning rocket and how and where will it fall was not disclosed

Co-WIN introduces 4-digit security code

The Ministry of Health recently announced that a new security feature is being added to the Co-WIN software. Co-WIN is COVID-19 Vaccine Intelligence Network.

What is the new security feature?

  • The Health Ministry has recently added a four-digit security code to the CO-WIN software.
  • When a person books vaccination slots on Co-WIN platform, he or she will get a four-digit security code.
  • The code should be produced at the vaccination centre.
  • The code will also be mentioned on the digital certificate.
  • The new security feature is only for those who have done an online booking for vaccination.
  • The code is also printed on the appointed acknowledgement slip. It shall be saved and shown from mobile.

Background

The Health Ministry recently agreed that there has been data entry error in marking people who have booked vaccination slots as “Vaccinated”. Several users complained that they received notification of vaccination dose administered to them even when they missed their appointments made in Co-WIN.

About Co-WIN

  • The Co-WIN platform handles the COVID-19 immunisation of the country. This includes registering beneficiaries, sending them text messages, allocating vaccination centres and also live monitoring of vials in cold storage.
  • This platform was earlier used for conducting Pulse Polio Programme.
  • It is owned by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Also, it is supported by the National Informatics Centre.
  • The Co-WIN application helps in monitoring and tracking the inoculation drive.
  • The app also helps in tracking the listed beneficiaries on a real time basis.

National Technology Day: May 11


Every year, India celebrates National Technology Day on May 11. This year, the National Technology Day is being celebrated under the theme:

Theme: Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future

The Ministry of Science and Technology organises several events across the country to celebrate the day.

Why is National Technology Day celebrated in India?

The National Technology Day is celebrated in India for two reasons namely:

  • To mark the anniversary of Pokhran Nuclear tests that were conducted in 1998
  • To highlight the importance of technological advancements for the country

What is Pokhran Nuclear Tests?

The Pokhran Nuclear tests were a series of nuclear bomb test explosions that were held in the Pokhran Test Range of Indian Army. This was the second nuclear test conducted by India. The first one was called Smiling Buddha and was conducted in 1974.

The five nuclear tests conducted were as follows:

  • First test was a Fusion Bomb
  • The rest four were fission bombs

These testes were held under the code named Operation Shakti. The tests resulted in several sanctions against India from all over the world including Japan and USA.

The tests made India the sixth country in the world to join Nuclear Club of nations.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

It was under the initiative of the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the tests were conducted. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam played a major role as a Chief Scientist conducting these tests.

The first National Technology Day was celebrated in 1999. Vajpayee announced that May 11 will be celebrated as National Technology Day.

What is Asperger’s Syndrome?

The SpaceX Billionaire Elon Musk recently announced that he had Asperger’s Syndrome. The announcement was made in a TV show Musk was hosting. Musk also mentioned about the Dogecoin cryptocurrency in the show.

Recently, an announcement was made that SpaceX is to launch DOGE-1 Mission to moon. The Geometric Energy corporation that is sending DOGE-1 in Falcon 9 rocket of SpaceX is to pay in Doge Cryptocurrency.

What is Asperger’s Syndrome?

  • It is a disorder where people have trouble in social relationships. The Asperger Syndrome is named after the German doctor Hans Asperger who first described about the disorder in 1944.
  • It is a kind of autism disorder. It severely inhibits the mental and social development of a person.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • The Asperger’s Syndrome falls into the category of Autism Spectrum Disorder. However, Asperger’s Syndrome is different from other Autism Spectrum Disorders. These persons only face difficulties in social interaction. The causes of Asperger’s syndrome is unknown. It is inherited from parents.
  • The Asperger’s syndrome remains in the International Classification of Diseases as of 2019.

International Classification of Diseases

  • The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is maintained by the World Health Organisation. It is widely used world wide for morbidity and mortality statistics.
  • It is revised periodically.
  • The eleventh version of ICD was done in 2019 and is to come into effect on January 2022.
  • Basically, it is a global standard for health information and causes of death. It consists of tens of thousands of entities. An entity in the ICD may be anything relevant to health care.

Quiz

1. Which country granted citizenship to the Children born to Indians staying illegally in the country?

  • USA
  • UK
  • Lebanon
  • UAE

2. What is the GST rates for COVID-19 vaccines, drugs, oxygen concentrators?

  • 8% and 12%
  • 10% and 35%
  • 5% and 12%
  • 1% and 5%

3. What is the name of The Chinese rocket that recently fell into the Indian Ocean near Maldives?

  • Long March 5B
  • Tianwen-1
  • Tiangong
  • Shenzhou

4. The Laureus World Sports Awards, 2021 was held in ____.

  • Andalusia
  • Valencia
  • Porto
  • Seville

5. Who won the won the Laureus World Sports Lifetime Achievement Awards 2021?

  • Naomi Osaka
  • Billie Jean King
  • FC Bayern
  • Rafael Nadal

6. Who developed Ayush 64?

  • Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences
  • The Ministry of AYUSH
  • All India Institute of Ayurveda
  • Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy

7. Area of summer crops expands by 21.58% from last year. What is the other name of Summar crops?

  • Rabi crops
  • Zaid crops
  • Kharif crop
  • Fiber crop

8. Which is the only Chinese Covid vaccine given approval by WHO?

  • Sinovac vaccine 
  • Sinopharm vaccine
  • COVAXIN
  • AstraZeneca

9. Why is National Technology Day celebrated in India?

  • To mark the anniversary of Pokhran Nuclear tests that were conducted in 1998
  • To highlight the importance of technological advancements for the country
  • To celebrate the birthday of Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • To commomarate India joining as the sixth country in the world to Nuclear Club of nations
  • Both 1 & 2

10. Which among the following is true about Asperger’s Syndrome?

  • It is a disorder where people have trouble in social relationships.
  • The Asperger Syndrome is named after the German doctor Hans Asperger
  • This disoder was first discribed in 1944
  • It is a kind of autism disorder.
  • All of the above

Answers

1. Which country granted citizenship to the Children born to Indians staying illegally in the country?

  • UK

2. What is the GST rates for COVID-19 vaccines, drugs, oxygen concentrators?

  • 5% and 12%

3. What is the name of The Chinese rocket that recently fell into the Indian Ocean near Maldives?

  • Long March 5B

4. The Laureus World Sports Awards, 2021 was held in ____.

  • Seville

5. Who won the won the Laureus World Sports Lifetime Achievement Awards 2021?

  • Billie Jean King

6. Who developed Ayush 64?

  • Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences

7. Area of summer crops expands by 21.58% from last year. What is the other name of Summar crops?

  • Zaid crops

8. Which is the only Chinese Covid vaccine given approval by WHO?

  • Sinopharm vaccine

9. Why is National Technology Day celebrated in India?

  • To mark the anniversary of Pokhran Nuclear tests that were conducted in 1998
  • To highlight the importance of technological advancements for the country
  • Both 1 & 2

10. Which among the following is true about Asperger’s Syndrome?

  • It is a disorder where people have trouble in social relationships.
  • The Asperger Syndrome is named after the German doctor Hans Asperger
  • This disoder was first discribed in 1944
  • It is a kind of autism disorder.
  • All of the above

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