Current Affairs Summary With Quiz 07 May 2021

Preparation with Monthly Current Affairs 2021 will be very fruitful for the banking aspirants. Many bank exams either in Prelims or Mains, consists of questions from Current Affairs. Generally, six months of current affairs are advised to prepare to crack the upcoming bank exams. Here, we are providing you with the monthly current affairs pdf. In this pdf, you will get Current Affairs Summary ebooks for quick revision. Ebooks will give you the best way to read and revise important monthly current affairs before the exam in a short period. Monthly Current Affairs PDF can help you to score better in the general awareness section of various banking exams.

Contents:

  1. Climate Action Tracker: Global warming by 2100 to be at 2.4°C
  2. Lineament: Cause of Assam Earthquakes
  3. GNAFC’s Global report on food crises
  4. What is UDID Project?
  5. Special Kharif strategy for 2021 season
  6. The Oldest Human burial in Africa discovered at Panga ya Saidi cave
  7. Yamatosaurus izanagii: New species of duck-billed dinosaur
  8. Hoolock Gibbon: India has only one species
  9. S&P cuts India’s GDP growth forecast to 9.8% for FY22
  10. RBI’s second purchase under G-SAP 1.0
  11. What is Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) flights of drones?
  12. What is Section 142 of the Social Security Code?
  13. What is COVID Loan Book?
  14. Quiz
  15. Answer

Climate Action Tracker: Global warming by 2100 to be at 2.4°C

The Climate Action Tracker recently released a report calculating the impacts of the recent US Climate Summit. According to the report, even after implementing the ambitious climate goals of the summit, global temperature will increase by 2.4°C by 2100 as compared to that of pre-industrial levels.

About the report

The report tracked the policies of thirty-six countries and also their climate pledges. These thirty-six countries along with the European Union together accounted for 80% of the world carbon emissions.

The Climate Action Tracker prior to the summit had predicted that the global temperatures are to increase by 2.6°C.

Analysis of the report

According to the report, most of the countries are lagging behind their stated climate targets. At this pace, the global temperature will increase by 2.9°C by 2100. Thus, the countries should increase their voluntary emission targets under the Paris Agreement before the Glasgow summit. The Glasgow Summit, COP26 is to be held in November 2021.

Criticality of the Issue

According to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the world will face severe impacts if the global temperature increases beyond 1.5°C. If this happens, all Himalayan glaciers will vanish, global water stress will double, all coral reefs will die, widespread habitat destruction, extreme summer heatwaves. Above all, more than ten million people will be affected by the global sea-level rise.

Climate Action Tracker

It is an independent scientific analysis that tracks the climate actions of governments. It then measures it against the Paris Agreement. It is a collaboration of two organisations, New Climate Institute and Climate Analytics.

Lineament: Cause of Assam Earthquakes

An unfamiliar lineament is the major factor behind frequent earthquakes in the Sonitpur area of Assam. According to Geological Survey of India (GSI), the earthquakes in the region are frequent due to the following reasons:

  • East-West Trending Atherkhet Fault
  • Nrthwest-Southeast Trending Kopili Fault
  • North-south trending Lineament

The GSI has said that the Lineament is the main reason for the recent earthquake in Assam.

What is Lineament?

  • It is linear feature in a landscape (like a visible line or a long crack or a long visible dent). It is basically an expression of an underlying fault. Even ridges, troughs represent lineaments. A ridge is a long narrow elevated strip. Trough is a flat valley.
  • Lineaments are found in other planets and their moons as well.
  • Mineral resources are usually concentrated in areas of high-density lineaments. The Ranchi Mega Lineament is one such resource rich area.

Occurrence of Lineament

  • They might occur as a fault-aligned valley, a straight coast line, or as a series of fault or fold aligned hills or a combination of all these features.
  • The igneous intrusions, shear zones and fracture zones are also expressed as geomorphic lineaments.
  • The occurrence of lineament can be captured in a satellite photograph.

Local Scale Lineament and Global Scale Lineament

The Local Scale Lineament are associated with impacts that create large craters. On the other hand, Global Scale Lineament are associated with seismic waves. They are formed during large impacts that broke the stressed environment from their parent bodies.

What is Mega lineament?

The Mega Lineament is the term used to describe lineament on continental scale. San Andreas fault, Trans Brazilian Lineament are the mega lineament on the earth. They extend to thousands of kilometres.

Ranchi Mega Lineament

The data from IRS-1A and Landsat 5 were used to analyse the Chotanagapur plateau. It says that the Ranchi Mega Lineament is a potential site for base metal mineralisation. Also, it acts as good ground water conduit. However, Ranchi Mega Lineament is in Zone II in the Seismic Zone map of India. It means that it is in a low-risk zone.

Though it is a mega lineament, it is put in low-risk zone as compared to that of Assam, a very High-Risk Zone (Zone V). This is because, the fractures of Ranchi Mega Lineament are at great depths.

GNAFC’s Global report on food crises

The Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC) recently released the “2021 Global Report on Food Crises”. The GNAFC is an international alliance formed by the European Union, United Nations and other governmental and non-governmental agencies.

The report says that economic crisis was the major reason to push 40 million people towards hunger in 2020. This has increased by 24 million as compared to that of 2019.

Key Findings of the report

  • The conflicts, extreme weather and economic shocks related to COVID-19 are pushing millions of people into food insecurity.
  • According to the report, more than 155 million people experienced acute food insecurity in 2020. This has increased by 20 million as compared to that of 2019. Of this, 133,000 people are under the most severe phase of food insecurity. They are mostly from Burkina Faso, Yemen and South Sudan.
  • More than 28 million people faced emergency level food insecurity in 2020. Emergency level means they were one step away from starvation. Urgent actions prevented famine spreading.
  • Between 2016 and 2020, the population affected by food insecurity had increased from 94million to 147 million.
  • Around 75 million children were stunted globally and 15 million were wasted.
  • Two out of three people facing food insecurity were from African continent.

Africa

  • Africa is the most affected continent due to food shortages. More than 63% of global food shortage cases are from Africa.
  • Zimbabwe and Haiti were hit by climate issues that affected food security of 15 million people.

Way Forward

With the global population reaching 8.5 billion by 2030, it is important to make food distribution more equitable.

What is UDID Project?

The UDID project is under implementation since 2016. The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities recently made it mandatory for all states and Union Territories to issue a certificate of disability only using UDID portal. This is to come into force from June 1, 2021.

UDID is Unique ID for Persons with Disabilities Project. The project aims to provide a Universal ID And disability certificates for persons with disabilities.

About UDID Project

The Project aims to create a National Database for the Persons with Disabilities. Also, it aims to issue a UDID, that is, Unique Disability Identity Card to each person with disabilities.

Key Features of the Project

The project aims to achieve the following:

  • A centralised web application for online availability of data of person with disabilities across the country.
  • Online filling and submission of application form for disability certificate
  • Fast tracking the process of calculating the percentage of disability by the hospitals
  • Online updating and renewal of information about the persons with disabilities

Disabilities included in the project

The persons with disabilities included in the project are based on Disabilities Act, 1995. The following disabilities are included in the project:

  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Blindness
  • Low Vision
  • Locomotor Disability
  • Leprosy-cured
  • Mental retardation
  • Mental Illness
  • Hearing Impairment

Data Collected

The Government of India collects only the following details from the person to create the UDID for him:

  • Personal details including his or her address
  • Employment details
  • Identity Details
  • Disability Details

Benefits of UDID project

  • The project will remove the need to make multiple copies of documents. The UDID card will capture all the required details.
  • It will be the single document of verification and identification required to avail various benefits in the future.
  • It will help to track financial progress of beneficiaries at all levels starting from village, block, district, state and national level.

Special Kharif strategy for 2021 season

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare recently formulated a special Kharif Strategy. This strategy is to be implemented in the Kharif season 2021.

About the strategy

  • A detailed plan to expand the area of cultivation and eventually increase the productivity of Moong, Tur, and Urad has been formulated.
  • The strategy will use a high-yielding variety of seeds that are available with Central Seed Agencies.
  • Under the strategy, the GoI has proposed to distribute 20, 27, 318 seed mini kits in 2021-22. This is ten times more than that distributed in 2020-21. It is estimated that the total cost of these kits will be Rs 82.01 crores. The entire cost is to be borne by the Central Government.
  • The area under intercropping is to be increased.
  • The strategy is to cover 4.05 lakh hectares of land.

Intercropping

  • The tur intercropping is to be covered in eleven states. They are Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Moong intercropping is to be covered in nine states. They are Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana.
  • The Urad intercropping is to be covered in six states. They are Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Implementation of the Strategy

  • A massive outreach programme with the concerned districts where the programme is launched is to be held through webinars.
  • The District Agriculture Offices will organise district level training programmes during crop season
  • The Krishi Vigyan Kendras and Agricultural Technology Application Research Institutes are to be roped in for effective implementation of the programme.

Background

  • According to the Second Advance Estimates, the pulses production in the country has increased from 14.76 million tonnes in 2007-08 to 24.42 million tonnes in 2020-21. This is 65% increase.
  • Though several measures were taken to increase the agricultural production, the most significant input to increase production has been the focus on providing high quality seeds to the farmers.

The Oldest Human burial in Africa discovered at Panga ya Saidi cave

Scientists have found the oldest human burial in Africa. The site is 78,000 years old. The cave site was discovered near the Kenyan coast. The site is called “Panga ya Saidi”. The remains of a child whose age was two to three years led to the discovery of the cave. The child was put to rest with a pillow.

About the Child

  • The scientists have nicknamed the child “Mtoto”.
  • The child was buried in a residential site.
  • The gender of the child is still unclear.
  • The child was placed in a flexed position. That is, the child was lying to its right side with the knees drawn towards the chest.
  • The pillow used to rest the child was made of perishable material.

About the site

The community that lived near the site belonged to hunter-gatherer culture. This is because remains of different types of antelope species and other prey were found at Panga ya Saidi. These people used stone tools to scrap and boreholes.

Significance of the site

Both ancient Homo sapiens and Neanderthal practised funerals.

Neanderthal Burial Site

The oldest Neanderthal burial site was discovered in Israel. It is 120,000 years old. It was discovered in the Kebara Cave. It is situated on the western escarpment (steep-slope) of the Carmel Range. Kebara is a limestone cave.

In 1982, Kebara 2 was discovered. It is the most complete postcranial Neanderthal skeleton found to date. The Neanderthal (skeleton) was nicknamed Moshe.

Yamatosaurus izanagii: New species of duck-billed dinosaur

An international team of Palaeontologists (who studies fossils) has identified a new genus and species of hadrosaur. Hadrosaur is also called duck-billed dinosaur. The species has been named Yamatosaurus izanagii.

About the discovery

The new fossil discovery has provided information about the hadrosaur migration. According to the discovery, they migrated from Asia to North America and vice versa.

The discovery also states that these giant creatures evolved from walking upright to walking on four legs.

Hadrosaurs

The Hadrosaurs are the most commonly found species of all dinosaurs. They are plant eating dinosaur. They lived in the late Cretaceous period, that is, 65 million years ago.

The fossil remains of Hadrosaurs have been found in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa.

The Hadrosaurs are uniquely adopted to chewing. They have hundreds of teeth closely spaced in their cheek. Their ability to chew vegetation was the major factor that led to its diversity.

How is Yamatosaurus different from Hadrosaurs?

In Hadrosaurs, new teeth grew in the dental battery as their teeth wore out or fell out. These new teeth grew next to the older teeth. However, the dental structure of Yamatosaurus was different from that of Hadrosaurs. The Yamatosaurus had one functional tooth in several battery positions and no branched ridges. This shows that they evolved to devour (eat hungrily) different type of vegetation.

Dental Batteries

The Dental Batteries of dinosaurs have three hundred to four hundred teeth. They are formed by the teeth stacking in rows to process foods.

Hoolock Gibbon: India has only one species


Hoolock Gibbons are lesser apes. They are the second largest of the Gibbons after Siamang. Earlier it was said that India (North East India) is home to two species namely Eastern Hoolock Gibbon and Western Hoolock Gibbon.

However, a recent study by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology has found that only western Hoolock Gibbon is found in India.

The Western and Eastern Hoolock Gibbons were kept separately in zoos and were not allowed to breed. Now they can be put together in the same cage and allowed to breed.

Key Findings of the study

The divergence of the Hoolock gibbons from a common ancestor occurred 8.38 million years ago. The split of the western Hoolock Gibbon and the eastern Hoolock Gibbon occurred 1.49 million years ago.

Earlier Misconceptions

An American Naturalist R Harlan described the Hoolock Gibbons for the first time in 1834. The eastern Hoolock Gibbons and Western Hoolock Gibbons were considered as the sub species till 2005. In 2006, the first distribution of Eastern Hoolock Gibbons was published.

The Western Hoolock Gibbons are distributed all over Northeast India, east and south Brahmaputra river and also along Myanmar and Bangladesh. The Eastern Hoolock Gibbons are distributed between Lohit and Dibang rivers in Arunachal Pradesh.

IUCN on Gibbons

According to IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), the presence of Eastern Hoolock Gibbons in India is uncertain.

The IUCN has put the different species of Hoolock Gibbons under the following categories:

  • Western Hoolock Gibbon: Endangered
  • Eastern Hoolock Gibbon: Vulnerable
  • Skywalker Gibbons: Threatened

Hoolock Gibbons

There are three Hoolock Gibbon species. They are Western Hoolock Gibbon, Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon and Eastern Hoolock Gibbon.

S&P cuts India’s GDP growth forecast to 9.8% for FY22

The US based rating Agency S and P recently cut the growth forecast of India to 9.8% for 2021-22. In March 2021, the agency expected 11% GDP growth in the country. According to the agency, the second wave might derail the recovery. According the S and P ratings, the fiscal position of the Government of India is already stretched.

Recent RBI measures towards Economic Recovery

  • RBI has provided the banks with the freedom to borrow Rs 50,000 crores at a repo rate of 4%. These loans are to be classified as COVID loans. The credit risks of these loans are to be borne by the banks.
  • The Small Finance Banks have been given an option of borrowing Rs 10,000 crores at repo rate. This is mainly done to help the informal sector that comprises of daily wage labours and vendors.
  • RBI introduced Resolution Framework 2.0 to help the small businesses and self-employed individuals. Under this framework, people who did not avail the benefit of restructuring earlier are now eligible.
  • Recently, the second rounds of G-SAP 1.0 were announced.

Impacts of Second Wave

The middle class of the country were already hit by lock-down induced job losses and salary cuts. The second wave is to deepen these losses.

Restaurant and hospitality businesses in major cities were hit badly. The travel and tourism are the largest employers in India. They contribute to 9% of the country’s GDP. The lockdown restriction and travel restrictions due to the second wave during the recovery phase might increase bankruptcy.

RBI’s second purchase under G-SAP 1.0

The Governor of Reserve Bank of India Shaktikanta Das recently announced that the apex bank will make the second purchase of Government securities under the G-Sec Acquisition Programme 1.0 on May 20, 2021.

The first purchase was made in April 2021. The RBI purchased Rs 25,000 crores of Government Securities during the first purchase.

What is the plan?

The RBI is to purchase Rs 35,000 crores of Government Securities in the second purchase. Earlier, the RBI had announced a target of one lakh cores rupees for the GSAP-1.0.

Government Securities

It is a tradeable instrument issued by the Reserve Bank of India to the state government or central government. It can be short term or long term. Short Term Government Securities are the treasury bills with original maturities of less than one year. Long term are bonds with original maturity more than one year.

The Central Government issues both bonds (dated securities) and treasury bills. On the other hand, the State Governments issue only bonds or dated securities.

Factors that affect prices of Government Securities

  • Demand and Supply of G-Secs
  • Liquidity, Inflation and changes in interest rates
  • Changes in foreign exchange, money, credit and capital markets
  • Development in international bond markets
  • Policy actions of RBI such as cash reserve ratio, repo rate and open market operations.

What is Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) flights of drones?


The Ministry of Aviation (Government of India) recently allowed twenty entities to conduct Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BLVOS) flights of drones.

What is Beyond Visual Line of Sight?

It is the distances where the drones and UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) operate outside the normally visible range. It is the second stage in the testing of drones. In the first phase of testing, the drones are operated within the visual line of sight.

What is the plan?

If two stages of testing is complete, the permitted entities will seek permission for further clearance to explore the possibility of vaccine delivery using drones.

Recent Developments

  • Telangana Government recently got permission to use drones to deliver vaccines.
  • The Indian Council of Medical Research and IIT Kanpur were recently permitted by GoI to study COVID-19 vaccine delivery using drones.

About BLVOS

  • BVLOS is cost effective and has numerous applications.
  • It allows drones to collect more data in fewer deployments.
  • The cost of deploying a drone is less than the traditional methods such a manned helicopters and airplanes.
  • The BLVOS drones are controlled by data provided by on-board instruments. Here, the information is transmitted to the operator through telemetry link. The information includes altitude, speed, position and direction of flight.

Delivering COVID-19 vaccine through drones

The Indian Armed Forces have been using drone to deliver payloads since 2000. The major challenge in transporting COVID-19 vaccines through drones is maintaining low temperature during the transportation of vaccines.

Way Forward

India has the potential to use up to five UAVs or drones per district. There are 718 districts in India and thus 3,600 drones can be deployed to distribute the vaccines.

What is Section 142 of the Social Security Code?

The Ministry of Labour and Employment recently notified Section 142 of the Social Security Code, 2020. The Section covers the applicability of the Aadhhar.

Why was Section 142 notified?

The notification will enable the Ministry of Labour and Employment to collect Aadhaar details from the beneficiaries of various social security schemes. This includes migrant workers as well.

Why are Aadhaar details collected?

The National Informatics Centre is creating a National Database for unorganised workers. The portal aims to collect data of migrant workers as well. This data will be used by various schemes of the Government. An inter-state migrant worker can register himself in the portal by submitting Aadhaar alone.

Section 142

It says that Aadhaar details are compulsory for an employee or unorganised person or any other person to get benefits of government schemes. The benefits can be in kind of cash for medical sickness, availing services of career centre, maternity benefits, receiving payment as insured person, etc.

Social Security Code

The Social Security Code was introduced in 2019. The main objectives of the code was to club the existing laws. It introduced universal social security for unorganised workers and also health and insurance benefits for gig workers.

It merged eights existing laws. This included Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, Employment Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, Employees State Insurance Act, 1948, Compensation Act, 1923.

It also established a social security fund and also tapped the corporate social responsibility fund to offer medical, disability and pension benefits to the unorganised sector workers.

What is COVID Loan Book?

The Reserve Bank of India recently opened an on-tap liquidity window of Rs 50,000 crores.

Note: On-tap means ready to. On-tap liquidity window is funds that are to be provided immediately. Liquidity is cash.

What is the plan?

Under this step, the banks can provide lending support to vaccine manufacturers, importers of vaccines, pathology labs, hospitals and dispensaries, suppliers of vaccines, logistics firms, etc.

COVID Loan Book

The COVID Loan book is an account of loans provided by the banks under this new window.

Technical Explanation: The banks can open COVID loan book. They can park their surplus liquidity to the size of COVID Loan Book with the RBI. This is to be done at reverse repo rate.

In Simple Terms:

Parking the funds means depositing the money in the bank. Under the new step, the banks can deposit the surplus money in RBI.

How will COVID Loan Book help in economic recovery?

RBI pays interest to these banks for the money deposited by them. In May 2020, the Indian Bank made 3.1 billion USD only by parking the funds with the RBI.

Lenders are comfortable keeping their funds in safe places even the earning from such means are meagre. This is the main reason for the banks to park their funds with RBI.

However, the banks parking funds with RBI has been increasing lately. It recently hit record high of seven lakh crores of rupees per day.

At this point of time, when economy is under recession, the banks should lend more to help in economic recovery. On the contrary, the banks are depositing the funds with RBI. Are the banks at fault? NO. The situation due to COVID-19 crisis and lock down is such that the banks are earning more by parking funds than by lending money to the people. This so called earning more is “meagre”. Still, it is higher than that earned by lending money.

Now, RBI has to push banks to lend more money. That is why the condition of “Can Park funds till COVID Loan Book” has been brought in. This will compel the banks to lend more money to the market. In turn will boost the economic growth.

Quiz

1.Which among the following is not true about lineaments?

  • The GSI has said that the Lineament is the main reason for the recent earthquake in Assam.
  • Lineaments are found in other planets and their moons as well.
  • The occurrence of lineament can be captured in a satellite photograph.
  • It is a linear feature in a landscape.
  • All of the above.

2. What is the second stage in the testing of drones called?

  • Integration Testing
  • Acceptance Testing
  • Beyond Visual Line of Sight
  • Security Audit/ Review

3. _____ Government recently got permission to use drones to deliver vaccines.

  • Andra Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Telangana

4. A recent study by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology has found that only _____ is found in India.

  • Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon
  • Eastern Hoolock Gibbon
  • Western Hoolock Gibbon
  • Northern Hoolock Gibbon
  • Southern Hoolock Gibbon

5. What is India's predicted GDP for the financial year 2022 by The US-based rating Agency S and P? 

  • 10.4%
  • 11.2%
  • 8.4%
  • 9.8%
  • 7.5%

6. When and how much is the first purchase under the G-Sec Acquisition Programme 1.0 by RBI made?

  • May 21 & Rs. 25000 cr
  • April 21 & Rs. 25000 cr
  • May 21 & Rs. 35000 cr
  • April 21 & Rs. 35000 cr

7. Which among the following factors that affect prices of Government Securities

  • Demand and Supply of G-Secs
  • Liquidity, Inflation and changes in interest rates
  • Changes in foreign exchange, money, credit and capital markets
  • Development in international bond markets
  • Policy actions of RBI such as cash reserve ratio, repo rate and open market operations.
  • All of the above

8. Which among the following Section of the Social Security Code covers the applicability of the Aadhhar?

  • Section 79
  • Section 24
  • Section 101
  • Section 142
  • Section 52

9.Where is the oldest Neanderthal burial site situated? 

  • Kenya
  • Isreal
  • Pakistan
  • Russia
  • Alaska

10. The Climate Action Tracker predicted Global warming by 2100 to be at ____.

  • 10°C
  • 12.5°C
  • 0.4°C
  • 0.8°C
  • 2.4°C

Answers

1.Which among the following is not true about lineaments?

  • The GSI has said that the Lineament is the main reason for the recent earthquake in Assam.
  • Lineaments are found in other planets and their moons as well.
  • The occurrence of lineament can be captured in a satellite photograph.
  • It is a linear feature in a landscape.
  • All of the above.

2. What is the second stage in the testing of drones called?

  • Integration Testing
  • Acceptance Testing
  • Beyond Visual Line of Sight
  • Security Audit/ Review

3. _____ Government recently got permission to use drones to deliver vaccines.

  • Andra Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Telangana

4. A recent study by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology has found that only _____ is found in India.

  • Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon
  • Eastern Hoolock Gibbon
  • Western Hoolock Gibbon
  • Northern Hoolock Gibbon
  • Southern Hoolock Gibbon

5. What is India's predicted GDP for the financial year 2022 by The US-based rating Agency S and P? 

  • 10.4%
  • 11.2%
  • 8.4%
  • 9.8%
  • 7.5%

6. When and how much is the first purchase under the G-Sec Acquisition Programme 1.0 by RBI made?

  • May 21 & Rs. 25000 cr
  • April 21 & Rs. 25000 cr
  • May 21 & Rs. 35000 cr
  • April 21 & Rs. 35000 cr

7. Which among the following factors that affect prices of Government Securities

  • Demand and Supply of G-Secs
  • Liquidity, Inflation and changes in interest rates
  • Changes in foreign exchange, money, credit and capital markets
  • Development in international bond markets
  • Policy actions of RBI such as cash reserve ratio, repo rate and open market operations.
  • All of the above

8. Which among the following Section of the Social Security Code covers the applicability of the Aadhhar?

  • Section 79
  • Section 24
  • Section 101
  • Section 142
  • Section 52

9.Where is the oldest Neanderthal burial site situated? 

  • Kenya
  • Isreal
  • Pakistan
  • Russia
  • Alaska

10. The Climate Action Tracker predicted Global warming by 2100 to be at ____.

  • 10°C
  • 12.5°C
  • 0.4°C
  • 0.8°C
  • 2.4°C

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