Current Affairs Summary with quiz - 24 & 25 April 2021

Varuna-2021: India, France begins naval bilateral exercise in the Arabian Sea 


The 19th edition of the Indian and French Navy bilateral exercise ‘Varuna-2021’ has started in the Arabian Sea on April 25, 2021. According to the official release, the exercise will also showcase the increased level of coordination, synergy and interoperability between the friendly navies of India and France. The three-days exercise between the navies of two countries will be seeing high tempo-level operations at the sea, which will include advanced anti-submarine and air defence exercises, tactical manoeuvres, intense fixed and rotary wing flying operations, underway replenishment, surface and anti-air weapon firings and other maritime security operations.

Objective: 

The units of the two navies in the Varuna bilateral naval exercise will endeavour to enhance their warfighting skills to demonstrate their ability as an integrated force to promote security, peace and stability in the maritime domain. 

Key Highlights: 

• The Indian navy will be led by the Flag Officer Commanding Western Fleet Rear Admiral Ajay Kochhar. While, the French navy will be led by the Commander Task Force 473, Rear Admiral Marc Aussedat.

• From the Indian side, guided-missile frigates INS Talwar and INS Tarkarsh, guided-missile stealth destroyer INS Kolkata, Fleet Support Ship INS Deepak, with Chetak Integral Helicopters, P81 Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft and a Kalvari Class Submarine will be participating in the exercise. 

• From the French Navy side, E2C Hawkeye aircraft and helicopters Dauphin and Caiman M embarked, aircraft carrier Charles-de-Gaulle with Rafale M Fighter, Aquitaine-class multi missions frigate FNS Provence with Caiman M Helicopter embarked, Horizon-class air defence destroyer Chevalier Paul, and command and supply ship Var. 

• On the completion of the Varuna exercise, the guided-missile frigate INS Tarkash of the Indian Navy will continue to exercise with the Carrier Strike Group of the French Navy from April 28 to May 1, 2021, for best practices and enhance interoperability. 

• During this time, the ship will also be taking part in the advanced anti-submarine, surface, and air-defence operations with the French Navy.

India to import oxygen generation plants, containers from Germany amid COVID-19 surge


The Armed Forces Medical Services- AFMS has decided to import the oxygen generation plants and containers from Germany to provide for the ongoing shortage of oxygen in the hospitals during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in India. The Union Defence Ministry informed on April 23, 2021, that 23 mobile oxygen generation plants are being airlifted from Germany. These will be deployed in the Armed Forces Medical Services hospitals catering to the patients of Coronavirus. The Oxygen generating plants are expected within a week, stated Defence Ministry.

Defence Minister reviews COVID-19 situation: 

The Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh also chaired a meeting. He reviewed the Defence Ministry’s preparations and response to the Coronavirus situation in the country. Reportedly, Rajnath Singh took the review of progress in Coronavirus hospitals on April 20, 2021, where he asked the officials for analyzing and to let him know what more is required and that there will be procurement immediately.

India records the highest number of COVID-19 cases: 

The decision of importing oxygen generating plants has come as the country recorded the highest number of COVID-19 cases in the past few days. In the last 24 hours, the country has recorded 3,32,730 cases which is the highest spike in a single day since the Coronavirus pandemic broke in 2020. India has also crossed the mark of 3 lakh cases for 2 consecutive days now.

Australia announces partnership with India for Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative


Australian High Commissioner to India, Barry O’Farrell on April 19, 2021, announced a grant of AUD 1.4 million (8.12 crore) under the Australian-India Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative Partnership (AIIPOIP) grant program. “The AUD 1.4 million (8.12 crore) grant program is a practical initiative to advance Australia and India’s shared vision for the Indo-Pacific,” said Australian High Commissioner Barry O'Farrell while launching the grant. Through this program, we are seeking new proposals on how Australia, India, and other regional partners can advance our shared maritime objectives, he further added. 

About AIIPOIP 

The Australian-India Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative Partnership (AIIPOIP) is an initiative under the Australian-India Joint Declaration on a Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific. This initiative will aid in shaping maritime cooperation in the Indo-Pacific to build and sustain an open, resilient, prosperous, inclusive, and rules-based maritime order. The AIIPOIP was announced during the Leaders’ Virtual Summit on June 4, 2020. The AIIOIP is a four-year grant program (2020-2024). The grant round one of this initiative will be commissioned in 2021.

About Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative Partnership (IPOIP) 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on November 4, 2019, had launched the Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative (IPOI) at the East Asia Summit in Bangkok. The Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative Partnership (IPOIP) focuses on seven pillars: 

•Maritime Ecology 

•Maritime Security 

•Maritime Resources 

•Capacity Building and Resource Sharing 

•Science, Technology and Academic Cooperation 

•Disaster Risk Reduction and Management 

•Trade Connectivity and Maritime Transport

Australia is the leading partner on the maritime ecology pillar.

US denies India’s request to lift the ban on the export of COVID-19 vaccine raw materials


A senior US State Department Official has defended the United State’s restriction on the export of key raw materials for the COVID-19 vaccine by stating that the Biden administration’s first obligation is to take care of the requirements of the American people. The statement came as the US denied India’s request on lifting the ban on the export of raw materials for manufacturing the vaccine. The ban can threaten to slow India’s vaccination drive. When asked when US Government will decide on India’s request to lift the ban, the Spokesperson of the State Department stated that the US is first and foremost engaged in an ambitious and effective and so far, a successful effort to vaccinate the American people. He added that it is not only in the US interest to see Americans vaccinated, but it is in the interest of everyone to see Americans vaccinated. However, the Biden administration had recently conveyed to New Delhi that it understands India’s pharmaceutical needs and has also promised to give the matter due consideration. 

US invokes Defence Production Act: 

It has been observed that the difficulty in the export of critical raw materials to manufacture the COVID-19 vaccine is mainly because of an Act that forces the US Companies to prioritize domestic consumption.

The US President Joe Biden and the former President Donald Trump had invoked the war-time Defence Production Act- DPA that leaves the American companies with no option but only to give priority to the production of Coronavirus vaccines and Personal Protective Equipment for the domestic production to combat the deadly pandemic in the US, the worst-hit nation.

The suppliers of the raw materials, which are in high demand globally and are also sought after by the major Indian manufacturers, are now being forced to provide it only for the domestic manufacturers in the US.

The United States has also ramped up the production of Coronavirus vaccines mostly by Moderna and Pfizer to meet the goal of vaccinating the entire population of the US by July 4, 2021.

India-US discussions on the ongoing COVID-19 situation:

In recent weeks, the Ambassador of India to the US Taranjit Singh Sandhu has been taking up the matter of ban on the export of raw materials for COVID-19 vaccine with the Biden Administration officials. However, as per US officials, the matter will take little time.

The two diplomat officials, EAM S. Jaishankar and US Secretary of State Blinken also had a telephonic conversation earlier during which they had discussed the COVID-19 pandemic and ways to deal with it.

The US claims its leadership role in combating virus beyond borders

Mr Price, the State Department Spokesperson while defending its decision of not lifting the ban on the export of raw materials highlighted that the US has played a leadership role in containing the virus beyond borders.

He informed that the Biden administration re-engaged with WHO with day one by contributing $ 2 billion to COVAX with more than $2 billion on the way. Mr Price added that when it comes to India, the arrangement with the Quad, which includes increasing the production capacity in India, and when it comes to the US’s own hemisphere, loan agreement with Mexico and Canada.

India's Zydus Cadila begins production of COVID-19 vaccine

Zydus gets EUA for single-dose 'Virafin' to treat moderate Covid infection  | Business Standard News

India’s Zydus Cadila Healthcare, on April 23, 2021, kickstarted the production of the ‘ZyCoV-D’ COVID-19 Vaccine to produce up to 240 million doses per year. The company will seek emergency use authorization in May or June. Sharvil Patel, Managing Director, Cadila Healthcare, said the company has just begun producing doses. The aim is to produce 10 million doses a month beginning June thus taking the in-house annual capacity to 120 million. The company is already in talks with two manufacturers. Cadila has been sourcing all its ingredients domestically for the vaccine. "Everything for us is done in India. Our supply chain is secure. We don't have any issues for the next 14-15 months," he further said. 

About ZyCoV-D COVID-19 Vaccine 

ZyCoV-D is the first indigenously developed DNA plasmid-based vaccine. It was developed by Cadila Healthcare in India and approved by the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI). It is a needle-free painless way of administering the vaccine intradermally through a specific device.

ZyCoV-D: Clinical Trials 

Cadila Healthcare developed a DNA plasmid-based COVID-19 vaccine in February 2020 at the Vaccine Technology Centre in Ahmedabad. The phase-1 and phase-2 human trials were approved by the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI). The phase-2 trial for ZyCoV-D was conducted on over 1,000 healthy volunteers. ZyCoV-D was found to be safe and immunogenic during the trials. In November 2020, after receiving the approval from Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI), the company announced that it will conduct a phase-3 trial test of the vaccine on 30,000 patients. The vaccine was administered across four cities, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Surat, and Nashik.

GoI targets 17 million tonnes of Mustard Production

target to increase mustard production to 200 lakh tonnes in next 5 years  sea । अगले 5 साल में सरसों का उत्पादन 200 लाख टन करने का लक्ष्य : एसईए -  India TV Hindi News

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare recently announced that it is to bring nine million tonnes of land under mustard cultivation. This will increase mustard production to 17 million tonnes by 2025-26.

Current Scenario 

The average mustard production in India, that is, the mustard production between 2015 and 2019 was 7.7 million tonnes. This was produced from 5.9 million hectares of land. 

What is the issue? 

India imports around 70% of edible oil needs. Of this, Palm oil is the highest. There is a need to make India self-sufficient in oil. To achieve this, the GoI is planning to increase oilseed production. However, the problem is the low productivity, that is, mustards produced per hectare is low. Currently, Rajasthan produces 40.82% of total mustards in India. It is the highest mustard producing state in the country. 

What is the plan? 

To achieve the target, the GoI is planning to target 7.58 million hectares for the year 2021-22. Around 12.24 million tonnes are to be produced from these lands. In 2020, the GoI targeted 368 districts from 13 states for mustard cultivation. This was done under Mustard Mission. In 2020, the GoI spent Rs 160 crores on a mustard mission. This is to be continued for the current fiscal year as well. To increase productivity, the GoI has planned to use mustard seeds of high quality. This will increase the yield from 20% to 100%. 

Achievement of Yellow Revolution 

In 1986, the then PM Rajiv Gandhi launched the Yellow Revolution. It was based on Oilseeds Technology Mission. It was a big success. By 1993, India became self-sufficient in edible oil production. Through the Yellow revolution, India produced 97% of the edible oil requirement within the country. Sam Pitroda is called the “Father of Yellow Revolution”. It focused on nine oilseeds. They were mustard, groundnut, soybean, sesame, safflower, niger, sunflower, Castor and linseed.

NBFCs to function in GIFT city, Gujarat

Budget 2019 extends tax holiday for Gujarat's GIFT City to 10 years |  Business Standard News

The International Financial Service Centre recently granted permission for the Non-Banking Finance Companies to operate in Gujarat GIFT City. The NBFCs will now be allowed to offer a whole range of services such as loans, investment banking, exotic derivative trades and third-party product sales.

Significance 

The move will attract top financial services from all over the world. Also, it will help to localise services that are usually offered overseas. 

GIFT City

The GIFT City was the first International Financial Service Centre (IFSC) of India. It was established under Special Economic Act, 2005. The GIFT City provides services such as Offshore Banking, fundraising services for individuals, Offshore Asset management, etc. The idea of GIFT city was conceived at the Vibrant Gujarat Global Investor Summit, 2007. It was established based on Fibre to the home. It is an intelligent building with a piped supply of cooking gas. Also, it the first city in India to receive a city-level District Cooling System. The Gujarat Maritime Cluster is to be established in GIFT City. A maritime cluster is a collection of institutions, businesses in the maritime sector. 

International Financial Service Centre 

The IFSC conducts business in foreign currencies. These centres deal with financial products and services across borders. The insurance sectors and capital markets in the IFSC were regulated by multiple regulators such as SEBI, RBI and IRDAI. Thus, GoI passed the International Financial Service Centre Authority Act to bring all of them under a single authority called the IFSC Authority. The act was passed in December 2019. 

Special Economic Zones Act, 2005 

The Special Economic Zones Act, 2005 provides the legal framework for the establishment of Special Economic Zones.

National Panchayati Raj Day

National Panchayati Raj Day 2020 - EducationWorld

Every year, the National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on April 24. The first National Panchayati Raj day was declared by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on April 24, 2010. It is celebrated on April 24 as the Panchayati Raj System of India came into effect on April 24, 1993.

National Panchayati Raj Day

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the SVAMITVA Scheme on National Panchayati Raj Day, 2020.
  • This year, more than 74,000 Panchayats are to participate in National Panchayati Raj Awards, 2021.
  • This is 28% higher than the National Panchayati Raj Awards, 2020.

Awards presented

The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Pachayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar is awarded on National Panchayati Raj Day. Also, the Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Sabha Puraskar is awarded to Gram Sabha.
Apart from these awards, the Child-friendly Gram Panchayat award and E-Panchayat award are also presented on this day

Panchayati Raj System

The Panchayati Raj Act came into effect on April 24, 1993, and thus, the National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on April 24. It was introduced through the 73rd Constitutional amendment. The establishment of the Panchayati Raj System in the country was recommended by Balwant Rai Committee.

Features of 74th Amendment Act

  • There are more than 2.6 lakh Panchayats in the country.
  • Every state shall constitute a Nagar Panchayat, Municipal Corporation and Municipal Council.
  • All the seats in the municipality shall be filled by persons chosen from direct elections.
  • Award Committee shall be constituted.
  • The seats in the local bodies shall be reserved for the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
  • Establishment of Independent Election Commission in each state.
  • Establishment of Financial Commission in each state.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana: Free Food Grains till June

The Government of India recently announced that it will provide five-kilo grams of free food grains under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana till June 2021. Free food grains are being provided to those covered under the National Food Security Act, 2013. This is to continue till June 2021.

What is the plan?

Around eighty crore beneficiaries are being provided with free food grains (rice or wheat) at a scale of 5 kg per person per month. This is over and above the monthly entitlements under the National Food Security Act. These are the beneficiaries that are covered under both Antyodaya Anna Yojana and Priority Householders. The extension of the scheme is to cost an additional Rs 26,000 crores. The Government of India has announced that it will bear all the expenditure. Also, the central assistance is to be provided to states and union territories on account of intrastate transportation.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana

The scheme was launched in March 2020. It is operated by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution. It was launched for a period of April 2020 to June 2020 at an estimated cost of Rs 1.7 lakh crores. The scheme was extended till November 2020 with an additional allocation of Rs 90,000 crores. The scheme provided 5 kg of rice or wheat and one-kilo grams of chana to each family per month. It was a part of Atma Nirbhar Bharat.

Outcome

Criticisms prevail that the scheme failed to distribute grains to the intended recipients. Eleven states distributed less than 1% of food grains and two states failed to distribute any grains.

SBI Report: FY22 growth at 10.4%

SBI, Its Officers And The Law Firm Engaged By Them Are Ignorant Of Basic  Principle Of Law: Bombay HC [Read Order]

The State Bank of India recently revised the growth of India for the Fiscal Year 2021-22 to 10.4%. Earlier, the bank had predicted the growth rate as 11%. SBI has curbed the growth rate of the country due to the increasing COVID-19 crisis.

Suggestions made by the SBI report 

The report says that the Government of India should increase the vaccination efforts instead of lockdowns. According to the report, the cost of inoculating half the population in thirteen major states will be 0.1% of the GDP of the country or 15% to 20% of the health budget of the states. These estimates have been made assuming that the Centre will bear the cost of vaccinating the other half of the population.

Economic Losses due to COVID-19 

The economic losses due to the existing curbs have been estimated as Rs 1.5 lakh crores. Maharashtra alone contributed to 54% of these losses. Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra together account for 80% of the losses. The business activities of SBI dipped to a five-month low in April 2021. Of all the states, Maharashtra has been badly affected by COVID-19. The losses suffered by Maharashtra have been estimated as Rs 82,000 crores. These losses are to increase if the restrictions are increased in the state. 

When will conditions normalise in India? 

The report has analysed the vaccine drives in other countries. According to its analysis, the infections stabilised in foreign countries after 15% of the population was administered with COVID-19. The report says that India will inoculate 15% of the population only by December 2021.

Japan to host first joint military exercise with US and France

Japan is to hold its first military drill with French and US troops in May 2021. According to Japan, the exercise is being held as it is concerned about the increasing Chinese actions in the regional waters.

About the exercise 

The exercise will be the first large scale exercise between Japan, the US and France. The exercise is to be held at the JGSDF Kirishima training ground. It will include amphibious operations as well. The exercise has come as Japan is trying to increase its defence cooperation with the US. Japan intends to counter China’s assertiveness in the South and East China sea. The French Government shares the vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific. France has territories in the Indian Ocean namely French Polynesia in the South Pacific and the French Island of Reunion in the Indian Ocean. 

Background 

The US President Joe Biden and the Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga recently met at the White House. Their conversations mainly centred around “What to do about China?”. During the meet, the leaders agreed to take up issues such as China’s aggression in the East China Sea and the South China sea. The leaders agreed to work together to ensure a free and open Indo-Pacific. Japan has always been open that it is threatened by the vast military resources of China and its territorial disputes. 

Major irritant between China and Japan 

Japan is mainly concerned about the Chinese claims of the Senkaku Islands. The Islands are currently administered by Japan. However, China claims the Island and calls it Diaoyu. 

In the South China Sea

China claims most of the South China Region, It has drawn an imaginary “Nine Dash Line”. The Chinese claim the regions of the South China sea based on this line. 

Nine-Dash Line of China 

The Nine-Dash Line is a demarcation line used by China for its claim over the South China Sea.  In 1947, China showed a U-shaped eleven dash line on its map. Later two dashes were removed making it a nine-dash line. In 2010, China published a new map that incorporated the tenth dash. In 2013, China extended this line to the east of Taiwan and further extending it to the East China Sea.

Second World Ocean Assessment

The United Nations recently released the Second World Ocean Assessment report. It is the work of hundreds of scientists appointed by the members of the United Nations from all over the world. It follows the initial report, “World Ocean Assessment I” published in 2015.

Key Findings of the report

The number of dead zones in the oceans has doubled. It has increased from 400 in 2008 to 700 in 2019. 90% of the Mangrove Seagrass and marsh plant species are facing extinction. 30% of seabird species are facing the threat of extinction. Only 10% of the ocean has been explored and studied. With this minimal study, scientists have found out that the oceans are being degraded at a huge level. The heat content in the oceans has more than doubled since 1990. This has affected marine lives. 15% of the Sandy beaches are seeing retreating shorelines. This is happening at the rate of 1 metre per year or more in the last thirty-three years. The first World Ocean Assessment report was released in 2015. The report said that Oceans have been degrading seriously due to failure to deal with pressures caused by human activities, aquaculture, fishing, oil and gas, shipping, pollution. According to the World Assessment Report II, these conditions have not changed and are continuing.

What are Dead Zones in the Ocean?

Dead Zone is a common term used for Hypoxia. That is the areas with a reduced level of oxygen. They are those areas where the marine organisms in the ocean face Hypoxia. Hypoxia is a medical condition where the person faces difficulty in breathing. So far, scientists have found 400 dead zones in the ocean. The largest dead zone is located in the Arabian sea. This covers almost 63,700 square miles in the Gulf of Oman.

World Malaria Day: April 25

More malaria education needed this World Malaria Day - EPM Magazine

Every year, World Malaria Day is celebrated on April 25 by the World Health Organisation and several other international organisations. This year, World Malaria Day is to be celebrated under the following theme: 

Theme: Reaching the Zero Malaria Target

The World Malaria Day is one of the eleven official Global Public Health campaigns marked by the World Health Organisation The other ten is World AIDS Day, World Hepatitis Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Chagas Disease Day, World Tuberculosis Day, World Patients Safety Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Health Day, and World Antimicrobial Awareness Week. World Malaria Day was established by the 60th session of the World Health Assembly. Earlier it was widely known as the African Malaria Day.

Indian women win 7 gold in AIBA Youth World Boxing Championship

Indian Women have created history at the AIBA 2021 Youth World Boxing Championship. A total of eight Indians entered the finals. Of this, seven were women. All the women finalists finished on top.

Achievements
All the women finalists registered victories and finished top. They were as follows:
Gitika – 48 kg
Naorem Babyrojisana Chanu 51 kg
Poonam 57 kg
Vinka 60 kg
Arundhati Choudhary 69 kg
T Sanamacha Chanu 75 kg
Alfiya Pathan 81 kg

In 2017, Indian Women won five gold medals. The 2017 Youth World Championship was held in Guwahati.
This year, India won seven gold at the AIBA Youth Women World Boxing Championships. The sixth gold was added by Sanamacha. Sanamacha trains at boxing MC Mary Kom’s Academy in Imphal. She outperformed Kazakhstan’s Dana Diday in the 75 kg final.
Alfiya of Maharashtra clinched the seventh gold for India. She defeated a strong contender Daria Kozorez of Moldova.
Gitika of Haryana won gold in 48 kg. She defeated a two-time European champion, Erika Prisciandaro. Erika is from Italy. In the finals, Gitika defeated Natalia Kuczewska.
Poonam and Babyrojisana added two more gold medals. Poonam won Sthelyne Grosy in the finals and Babyrojisana won Valeriia Linkova in the finals.
Arundhati from Rajasthan won gold in 69 kg. She beat the Polish boxer, Barbara Marcinkowska.

Men’s Section

Ankit Narwal won bronze in 64 kg. Similarly, Bishwamitra Chongthom and Vishal Gupta won the bronze medal in 49 kg and 91 kg respectively.

AIBA

AIBA is International World Boxing Championships. It organises AIBA Women World Boxing Championship and AIBA World Boxing Championships biennially. 

Quiz

  • Who led Indian Navy in the Varuna-2021 bilateral exercise?
  1. Rear Admiral Marc Aussedat
  2. Rear Admiral Ajay Kochhar
  3. Rear Admiral Vijay Dasukthar 
  4. Admiral Karambir Singh
  • Where will the imported oxygen generation plants and containers from Germany will be deployed?
  1. AIIMS
  2. CMS Vellore
  3. AFMS
  4. Army Medical Corps
  • When was the Australian-India Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative Partnership announced?
  1. June 4 2020
  2. April 23 2021
  3. November 19 2019
  4. April 18 2014
  • ____ is the first indigenously developed DNA plasmid-based vaccine.
  1. ZyCoV-D
  2. Janssen Vaccine
  3. CoviSheild
  4. Marx Vaccine
  • Who is the Father of the Yellow Revolution?
  1. Nirpakh Tutaj
  2. Hiralal Chaudhuri
  3. M.S. Swaminathan
  4. Sam Pitroda
  • The ____ City was the first International Financial Service Centre (IFSC) of India.
  1. Godhra
  2. GIFT
  3. Surat
  4. Vadodara
  • When was the first National Panchayati Raj day was declared?
  1. 2010
  2. 2014
  3. 2020
  4. 2021
  • The establishment of the Panchayati Raj System in the country was recommended by ___ Committee.
  1. Deen Dayal 
  2. Prahalad Chawan 
  3. Mandi Bhaval
  4. Balwant Rai 
  • What is the revised growth rate of India according to the SBI report?
  1. 11 %
  2. 10.4 %
  3. 12.5 %
  4. 08.25 %
  • World Ocean Assessment is published by ____.
  1. Water Association
  2. UNESCO
  3. World Ocean Council
  4. United Nation
  • What is the theme of Malaria day 2021?
  1. Reaching the Zero Malaria Target
  2. Kill the real agent
  3. Curing the curve
  4. Eductating the uneducated
  • How many golds did India bag at the AIBA Youth World Boxing Championship?
  1. 7
  2. 1
  3. 9
  4. 11

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