16-04-2021 Current Affairs Summary with Quiz

Asian Wrestling Championships 2021: India clinches one Gold, two Bronze medals 

India is placed eighth on the overall medal tally with one gold and two bronze medals at the Asian Wrestling Championships 2021 at Almaty, Kazakhstan. While Sarita Mor bagged the sole gold medal, Seema Bisla (50kg) and Pooja (76kg) won a bronze each.

Government simplifies the process to re-issue OCI cards

The Indian Government has decided to simplify the process to re-issue Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) cards. The government has done away with the rule that required the OCI cardholders to get their OCI card reissued each time a new passport was issued up to 20 years of age and once after completing 50 years of age due to biological changes in the face of the applicant.

ESMA invoked in Chhattisgarh

The Chhattisgarh government on April 16, 2021, invoked the Essential Services Maintenance Act (ESMA) due to a major spike in coronavirus cases. The ESMA order prohibits refusal to work in essential services and it applies to all healthcare professionals including doctors, nurses and health workers across all government and private health institutions and sanitation workers. 

100 new hospitals in India to have oxygen plants

Around 100 new hospitals to get their oxygen plants under the Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations (PM-CARES) Fund, informed Health Ministry on April 15, 2021. This is to ensure that there is an adequate supply of medical oxygen to meet the rising demand in the states due to the spike in COVID-19 cases across the country.

Centre gives nod to Mumbai's Haffkine Institute to produce Covaxin

The Mumbai-based Haffkine Institute has been given the go-ahead by the centre to manufacture Bharat Biotech's Covaxin. Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray thanked PM Modi for the move. The move is expected to expedite the production of the vaccine. 

Lok Sabha Speaker to chair virtual meet on April 19 on COVID-19 situation 

Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla is scheduled to chair a virtual meeting of the presiding officers of the legislative bodies in the country and other leaders on April 19, 2021, on the 'prevailing COVID-19 situation and the role and responsibility of public representatives.

•The meeting is expected to be attended by Union Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Pralhad Joshi, other leaders of Opposition, presiding officers of state legislatures and chief whips. 

•India reported its highest-ever single-day spike of COVID-19 cases with around 2.16 lakh new infections and 1182 deaths reported in the last 24 hours. 

Delhi HC allows 50 people to offer Namaz at Nizamuddin Markaz during Ramadan

•The Delhi High Court on April 15, 2021, allowed a maximum of 50 people to offer prayers at Nizamuddin Markaz mosque five times a day during the holy month of Ramadan

•The mosque had been closed for devotees following the Tablighi Jamaat congregation in March 2020.

•The permission was given by a single-judge bench of Justice Mukta Gupta who relied upon Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)'s June 2020 guidelines that permitted the opening of places of worship and religious places.

Kumbh Mela continues despite 2,167 people testing positive for COVID-19

•Around 2167 people have tested positive for COVID-19 in the last five days in Haridwar, the host city of the month-long Kumbh Mela that is being attended by lakhs of people. 

•As per official data, 254 COVID-19 positive cases were reported on April 10, 386 on April 11, 408 on April 12, 594 on April 13 and 525 on April 14.

•Despite an alarming surge in the number of coronavirus infections in the country, the Kumbh Mela is expected to continue till April 30. 

•The Kumbh Mela was originally supposed to begin in January but looking at the COVID-19 situation, the state government decided to start it in April. 

•However, in the present situation when India's daily spike is crossing 2 lakh infections, questions are being raised over the decision to continue with the Kumbh Mela, as ensuring social distancing there is extremely difficult. 

The first batch of the Sputnik V vaccine to arrive in India this month

•The first batch of Russia's COVID-19 vaccine, Sputnik V will be delivered to India in April, informed Indian Ambassador to Russia, Bala Venkatesh Varma on April 15, 2021. 

•The shipment is expected to take place by the end of this month and the production will be launched in May and it will slowly be increased. 

•According to Bala Venkatesh Varma, the volume of vaccine production in India will be gradually increased and may exceed 50 million doses per month.

COVID-19 vaccine third dose 'likely' needed within 12 months: Pfizer CEO

The head of Pfizer, Albert Bourla said in an interview recently that people will "likely" need a third dose of his company's Covid-19 shot between six to 12 months of vaccination.

•He also stated that annual vaccinations against the coronavirus may well be required.

•He continued by saying that all this, however, needs to be confirmed. He also added that variants will play a "key role."

Former CBI Chief Ranjit Sinha passes away at 68

Ranjit Sinha, a former chief of the Central Bureau of Investigation passed away on April 16, 2021. He was 68 and had tested positive for COVID-19 one day earlier. 

•Sinha was a 1974 batch Bihar cadre IPS (Indian Police Service) officer. He had headed the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) force and the Railway Protection Force. 

•He had served at various senior positions in the Central Bureau of Investigation in Patna and Delhi before being appointed as CBI chief in 2012. 

•He had been the CBI Chief in 2013 when the Supreme Court had famously described the CBI as a "caged parrot that speaks in its master's voice".

ROPAX Jetty Project on River Dhamra

The Government of India recently approved Rs 50 crores to develop an all-weather ROPAX in Odisha. The total cost of the project is estimated to be Rs 110 crores. The project aims to launch a Roll-on or Roll-off Passenger Jetty connecting Kaninali in the Bhadrak district and Talachua in the Kendrapara district.

National level Climate Vulnerability report to be released

The Department of Science and Technology is to release a National Level Climate Vulnerability report. The title of the report is “Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Adaptation Planning in India using a Common Framework”.

  • The report was generated based on a joint exercise by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and the Department of Science and Technology.
  • The report identifies the most vulnerable states and districts to climate change.
  • Around 24 states and two Union territories participated in the nationwide exercise.

S-400 Triumf SA-21 Growler

The Russian Government has agreed to deliver the first regimental set of S-400 Triumf SA-21 Growler Air Defence System to India. India and Russia have signed a 5.43 billion USD contract on the defence system. The NATO reporting name of the defence system is SA-21 Growler.

National Dialogue on UN Food Systems Summit 2021

The United Nations General Secretary recently called for the first United Nations Food Systems Summit to be held in September 2021. The summit is to strategize actions for positive change in Agri-food systems.

The Summit will focus on pathways to shape food systems globally to accelerate progress in Sustainable Development Goals. The summit will focus on five action tracks. They are as follows:

  • Safe and nutritious food
  • Sustainable Consumption patterns
  • Nature-Positive production
  • Advance equitable livelihoods
  • Resilience to vulnerabilities, stress and shocks

India has volunteered to Action Track 4, which is, Advance Equitable Livelihood. To take this further, the Government of India has constituted a high-level Inter-Departmental Group. The main objective of the group is to hold National Dialogues with all the stakeholders of agriculture and food systems to explore national pathways in creating a sustainable food system in India.

IMF: Sub-Saharan Africa to see world’s slowest growth in 2021

The International Monetary Fund recently released the Regional Economic Outlook for Sub Saharan Africa. According to the report, the Sub Saharan region is to witness the world’s slowest growth in 2021.

  • The sub-Saharan region is projected to grow by 3.4% in 2021. This is way below the global growth prediction of 5.5% in 2021.
  • The region had faced a 1.9% contraction in growth in 2020. This resulted in a large increase in poverty. Around 32 million people fell into extreme poverty in 2020 in the region.
  • In several Sub-Saharan countries, the per capita income will not return to pre-crisis levels even by 2025.
  • The rebound of Africa is to be uneven. South Africa, the most developed economy in the region is to grow by 3.1%. It faced a contraction of 7% in its growth in 2020. The oil producers in the region such as Nigeria and Angola are to grow by 2.5% and 0.4% respectively.
  • In East Africa, the GDP growth of Kenya is to be 7.6%. It faced a 0.1% of contraction in its growth in 2020.
  • Seventeen countries in the Sub Saharan region are under debt stress.
  • The employment in the region has fallen by 8.5%.
  • Most of the countries in the Sub Saharan region will require to increase up to 50% of their spending in health care for vaccinating 60% of their population.

IMD: Monsoon to be normal in India in 2021

The Indian Meteorological Department recently announced that the southwest monsoon is expected to be normal at 98% of the Long Period Average. This is mainly because the La Nina or El Nino weather conditions that affect monsoon rains in India are likely to be absent. Indian Ocean Dipole that has a direct bearing on the Indian monsoon is also expected to be neutral this year.

Facebook Inclusive Internet Index

The Economist Intelligence Unit along with Facebook recently released the Inclusive Internet Index. According to the index, India is at the 49th spot when it comes to internet inclusion and gender equality in accessing the internet.

The Facebook Inclusive Internet Index looked at 120 countries. These countries represented 96% of the global population and 98% of the global GDP.

  • Along with India, Thailand was also at the 49th
  • As of 2020, there were 687.6 million internet users in India. The number of internet users in India is set to reach one billion by 2025.
  • Around 77 of the 120 countries showed improvement in internet inclusion.
  • People in low-income and lower-middle-income countries relied on online education more than the high-income countries during the pandemic.
  • The school children in lower-middle-income countries and low-income countries lost sixteen weeks of schooling by October 2020 due to lower internet access as compared to the loss of six weeks in high-income countries.
  • Sweden ranked first in the ranking followed by the US and Spain. In the Inclusive Internet Index, 2020, the US was ranked first followed by Sweden and New Zealand.

1.Who won a gold medal for India in the Asian Wrestling Championships 2021? 

  • Sarita Mor
  • Seema Bisla
  • Pooja
  • Aishwarya Dhawan

2.Who issues OCI card?

  • Government of India
  • Country of Residence
  • Country of Citizenship
  • The United States of America

3.Which among the following is not true about ESMA?

  • ESMA stands for Essential Services Maintenance Act 
  • The Chhattisgarh government on April 16, 2021, invoked the ESMA
  • The ESMA order prohibits refusal to work in essential services 
  • ESMA is not applicable for healthcare professionals

4.Where is the headquarters of Haffkine Institute?

  • Hyderabad
  • Bengaluru
  • Chennai
  • Mumbai

5.Who is the current Speaker who presides over the 17th Lok Sabha.?

  • Sumitra Mahajan
  • Meira Kumar
  • Om Birla
  • Somnath Chatterjee

6.Where is Nizamuddin Markaz mosque situated?

  • Hyderabad
  • New Delhi
  • Jodhpur
  • Mysore

7.How often do the Kumbh Mela events occur?

  • 09
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12

8.Who is the Indian Ambassador to Russia?

  • Taranjit Singh Sandhu
  • Bala Venkatesh Varma
  • Asaf Ali
  • Vishal V. Sharma 

9.The Government of India recently approved Rs 50 crores to develop an all-weather ROPAX on ____River, Odisha.

  • River Dhamra
  • Mahanadi River
  • Baitarani River
  • Vamsadhara River

10.Which country shares the 49th spot in the Facebook Inclusive Internet Index?

  • Sweden
  • Thailand
  • Indonesia
  • Russia

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