10-04-2021 Current Affairs Summary

10-04-2021 Current Affairs Quiz

World Homeopathy day- 10 April

World Homeopathy Day is celebrated on April 10.
 The day is observed to mark the importance of homoeopathy and its contribution to the world of medicine. The date is the birth anniversary of Dr Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann, who was a German physician and the founder of homoeopathy. Hahnemann was born in 1755 in Paris.

The main idea behind celebrating the day is to make more and more people aware of the benefits of homoeopathic treatment and medicines. Apart from that, the day is also meant for discussing challenges and planning future strategies for the betterment and development of homoeopathy. This year the theme of the day in India is, “Homeopathy- Roadmap for Integrative Medicine”. 

HDFC Bank issues SmartUp Grants to 21 social sector start-ups

 announced the winners of its fourth edition of SmartUp Grants 2021. Out of 300 applications received from across the country, 21 startups working in the social sector were selected through a rigorous screening process from 300 applications received across the country.

The communique stated that the grants are aimed to nurture start-ups offering unique solutions to harbinger sustainable change in society and the environment.

The bank instituted SmartUp grants in 2017 and over the past 4 years, it has supported 87-number of startups from various cities across India. Startups working in the fields of education technology and skill development were given priority. To shortlist and mentor the winners, the bank partnered with nine incubators such as IIT Delhi, AIC-Bimtech, IIM Kashipur, IIT BHU, Banasthali University, C-CAMP, GUSEC, T –Hub and Villgro. In the past four years, the bank has disbursed grants worth Rs 19.4 crore. India now has more than 38,756 startups. Also, India is the third-largest tech startup hub in the world.

HUL, Google, MyGov India Announce AI For Agriculture Hackathon To Address Issue Of Water Scarcity

Hindustan Unilever (HUL) and Google, in association with MyGov India, the Government of India’s citizen engagement program,
 today announced a hackathon to encourage and find innovative solutions for conserving freshwater usage, and to address water scarcity problems in India.

In collaboration with MyGov India, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), this effort brings together India’s finest start-ups and experts who are participating in this Hackathon from 7-9 April 2021, in designing and deploying solutions for farmers.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of AI empowering agriculture underlines the use of technology in agriculture to improve farmers’ access to markets, inputs, data, advisory, credit and insurance. 

With this as the starting point, HUL and Google are committed to exploring several thematic areas around water, and working together with social entrepreneurs, subject matter experts, and government bodies, bringing project management expertise combined with technology to address this issue at scale.

Online Dispute Resolution Handbook of NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog
 is to launch an Online Dispute Resolution handbook. It is an invitation to business leaders to adopt Online Dispute resolution. The Handbook highlights the need for businesses to adopt an Online Dispute Resolution mechanism. According to the handbook, the Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) is the resolution of disputes outside courts. This is mainly used to solve small and medium cases using digital technology. The Online Dispute Resolution adopts techniques of Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) such as mediation, negotiation, and arbitration.

Exotic Himalayan Snow Leopard Faces Extinction if Greenhouse Gas Emissions Go Unchecked: Study

Many animals and plants unique to the world’s most stunning natural places face extinction if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, according to a new scientific study published in the journal Biological Conservation. The species included India’s snow leopard, one of the most charismatic animals of the Himalayas. However, remaining within the climate goals of the Paris Agreement, which aims to keep global heating well below two degrees Celsius, ideally at 1.5 degrees, would save the majority of species.

A global team of scientists analysed almost 300 biodiversity hotspots — places with exceptionally high numbers of animal and plant species — on land and at sea. Many of these hotspots contain ‘endemic’ species, unique to one geographic location such as one island or one country. They found that if the planet heats by over three degrees, then a third of endemic species living on land, and about half of endemic species living in the sea, face extinction.

Key Findings of the Study

  • All the Endemic species in islands are at high risk of extinction due to climate change.
  • Four out of every five endemic species in mountains are at a high risk of extinction due to climate change.
  • 95% of marine species and 92% of land-based species will face a reduction in numbers.
  • In tropical region, over 60% of endemic species are facing extinction due to climate change.
  • By maintaining the global heating well below two degrees Celsius as mentioned in the revised Paris Agreement will help to save the majority of the species.

Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik launches 'mask abhiyan' against Covid-19

Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Friday launched 14-day 'mask abhiyan' as part of efforts to prevent the spread of coronavirus given rising cases and urged people to strictly follow the safety guidelines.

The main objective of the initiative is to turn the use of mask into a habit. This will play a huge role in controlling the current resurgence of COVID-19. Also, the Odisha State Government has increased the fines for violators from Rs 1000 to Rs 2000.

The Odisha Government had also made amendments to the COVID-19 regulations under the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897. Accordingly, people who do not wear masks in public places will be fined up to Rs 2,000 for violations for the first time. When violated for the second time, people will be charged with Rs 5,000 of fine.

Volcano erupts in Southern Caribbean

The La Soufriere Volcano located on the eastern Caribbean island recently erupted after decades of inactivity. The volcano forced thousands in the surrounding villages to evacuate.

The Volcano was dormant since 1979. It started showing signs of activity in December 2020. When the volcano erupted in 1979 it created 100 million USD of damages. Earlier to the 1979 eruptions, the La Soufriere volcano erupted in 1902 and killed more than a thousand people. La Soufriere means “Sulphur Outlet” in French. It has erupted five times since 1718. The La Soufriere Volcano is a stratovolcano. It is the youngest and northernmost volcano on the island. La Soufriere Volcano is on the Caribbean tectonic plate.

'Dark sirens' could solve one of the greatest mysteries in cosmology

In recent years, cosmologists have been faced with a crisis: The universe is expanding, but no one can agree on how fast it's moving away from us.

That's because different ways of measuring the Hubble constant, a fundamental parameter that describes this expansion, have produced conflicting results. 

But a single, lucky observation of what is known as dark sirens — black holes or neutron stars whose crashes can be picked up by gravitational wave detectors on Earth but remain invisible to ordinary telescopes — could help resolve this tension. 

As the cosmos expands, galaxies in the universe move away from Earth at a speed that depends on their distance from us. The relationship between speed and distance is called the Hubble constant, after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, who first calculated its value in the 1920s

India’s Petroleum consumption contracts 9.1% in FY21

The Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell operating under the Ministry of Petroleum recently released a report on petroleum consumption of India. According to the report, the fuel consumption of the country reduced by 9.1% in the year 2020-21 as compared to that of the previous year. This is the first time petroleum consumption contracted to the highest since 1998-99.

Atal Innovation Mission: CSIR Adopts 295 Atal Tinkering Labs

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research recently adopted 295 Atal Tinkering Labs established under Atal Innovation Mission. This will help young innovators associated with the Atal Tinkering Labs to learn from the best scientists in the country. It will pave way for them to become living inspirations for their schools and local communities. The CSIR scientists are to mentor each of the Atal Tinkering Labs. CSIR and Atal Innovation Mission will conduct series of webinars for the students.

India-Netherlands Strategic Partnership in Water Sector

Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently held a virtual summit with his Netherlands counterpart Mark Rutte. The leaders agreed to diversify the ties in trade and economy between the countries. They also agreed to expand their relations in smart cities, agriculture, science and technology, healthcare, and space.

A fast-tracking mechanism is to be set up between the two countries to facilitate bilateral trade and resolve issues of the companies in both countries. For the investors in India and Dutch companies, it is to be set up in Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

During the summit, India and Netherlands launched a strategic partnership on water. Under the partnership, the countries agreed to alleviate the joint working group on the water to the ministerial level. It also aimed to broaden bilateral cooperation in new areas of water. Under the partnership the countries will focus on water budgeting, converting wastewater to energy and decentralized treatment technologies and cost-effective water technologies.

Crushing the Curve Mass Vaccination Drive

The Kerala Health Department is to launch a mass vaccination drive called the “Crushing the Curve”. Kerala has recently witnessed a sharp spike in COVID-19 cases after the assembly elections. The number of COVID-19 cases is increasing from 700 to 1000 per day.

NanoSniffer: Microsensor based Explosive Trace Detector

The Union Education Minister recently launched the world’s first Microsensor based Explosive Trace Detector called the “NanoSniffer”.

The NanoSniffer was developed by an IIT Bombay incubated startup called NanoSniff Technologies. It is marketed by the IIT Delhi incubated startup Kritikal Solutions.

The NanoSniffer can detect explosives in less than ten seconds. It can detect all class of military, homemade and conventional explosives. It uses a MEMS system. MEMS is Micro-Electromechanical System.

It can detect even nanogram quantities of explosives. The device is priced at Rs 10 lakhs. This is one-third of the price of existing devices. It had been patented in Europe, India, and the US.

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